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POLS 375 (33)

New Directions: Trudeau and Mulroney?

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University of Saskatchewan
Political Studies
POLS 375
Jason Zorbas

New Directions: Trudeau and Mulroney? February-06-13 9:31 AM Détente: time of conflict between Soviet Union and U.S. - Ronald Reagan helped increase tensions in the Cold War with his nonsensical rhetoric and his decision to build up the military. - Reagan and Trudeau do not like each other that much… if at all. ○ Trudeau, if you hate him… or actually like him, was a snob… and he thought of himself as brilliant. ○ Trudeau did not think Reagan was "brilliant." - At this time, the U.S. was steadily becoming more right-wing while Canada was getting closer to Soviet-linked groups, including Fidel Castro. ○ Trudeau also publicly rebuked the U.S. in the United Nations for invading Grenada (a Commonwealth country). - When Trudeau finally (actually) retires in 1984, foreign policy in Canada takes a different direction. ○ John Turner replaces him, and had the unfortunate task of going against Mulroney, who crushes him… Mulroney Comes to Office - Mulroney eventually got rid of the National Energy Program. ○ Alberta is upset about it. ○ The U.S. hated it because it was protectionist. ○ Ontario enjoyed it. - Mulroney eventually decides to rebuild the military and attempts to rescue relations with the U.S. ○ He develops a personally-good relationship with Reagan… enough to sing with him. ○ Nobody gave a damn about free trade in the U.S. while free trade was rather unpopular with Canadians.  This seemed to favour Americans. ○ The 1988 election was largely a free trade election… and the Progressive Conservatives win a false majority (about 40%).  In Canada, Conservatives had been traditionally protectionist. - Before Trudeau retired in 1984, he appointed a royal commission (Macdonald commission) led by former Liberal cabinet minister Donald Stovel Macdonald that suggested free trade. ○ In 1988, Mulroney was able to use this against the Liberals. - We were becoming more and more integrated with the United States, despite efforts not to. ○ There is a recognition that economic integration can lead to benefits for Canada. ○ The Auto Pact: one of the first quasi free trade agreements with the U.S.  In 1965, it was a free trade agreement involving Canadian cars. □ As a result, there are no Canadian automakers. □ Because of eco
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