POLS 237 Lecture Notes - Bourgeoisie, Theocracy

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Published on 12 Oct 2012
School
U of S
Department
Political Studies
Course
POLS 237
Professor
POLS 237
2011-01-10
How can coercion legitimately be imposed onto persons?
- Natural subordination. Ruling or being ruled is part of a certain type of relationship.
- Hobbes is first political theorist grappling with theory.
- A liberal begins by ruling out consensus.
o Idea of consent
Legitimate authority only flows from consent from those who are
subjected to that authority.
- First articulation of consent.
o Consent plays a central role in Locke’s political theory.
o Locke’s consent is the only basis in which a government can obtain authority.
o Reasonable rejection
Could this law be rejected by a free, logical and reasonable person?!
Actual consent also raises other problems
Raises possibility of giving ordinary citizens a veto
Everyone can consent to a theocracy?
Most consent theorists reject actual consent as a requirement of
legitimacy, which has a watershed effect of watering down
consent, resulting in no social contract, whatsoever.
We look for what may be called an overlapping consensus.
Framework leads to neutral rights that stop short of advancing
religious or other doctrines
By getting rid of the liberal conception of the good life, which is a good
and autonomous life, the structure of rights from this view might prove
unstable.
Activist judges can use their power to limit elected representatives.
Seen a triumph of liberalism over democracy.
John Locke
- Unique in terms of being a university man
o No others existed inside universities
o His politics forced him out of Oxford
o Political writings were banned from Oxford for decades
Books were burned
o Was rich by meeting the earl
o Valued his titles
o Became a hero to bourgeoisie
o Largely thought they had themselves to blame for their poorness
o Forefront of Locke’s concerns is the idea of legitimacy in general.
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Document Summary

Ruling or being ruled is part of a certain type of relationship. Hobbes is first political theorist grappling with theory. A liberal begins by ruling out consensus: idea of consent. Legitimate authority only flows from consent from those who are. First articulation of consent. subjected to that authority: consent plays a central role in locke"s political theory, locke"s consent is the only basis in which a government can obtain authority, reasonable rejection. Raises possibility of giving ordinary citizens a veto. Most consent theorists reject actual consent as a requirement of legitimacy, which has a watershed effect of watering down consent, resulting in no social contract, whatsoever. We look for what may be called an overlapping consensus. Framework leads to neutral rights that stop short of advancing religious or other doctrines. By getting rid of the liberal conception of the good life, which is a good and autonomous life, the structure of rights from this view might prove unstable.

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