PSY 120 Lecture Notes - Pseudoscience, Critical Thinking, Wilhelm Wundt

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School
Department
Course
Psychology 110
September 8th 2009
1
a. Greek symbol for soul/spirit s p
1. Definition: the study of the behavior and mental processes and how they
are affected by our physical state, out mental state and our external
environment.
2. A science
Critical thinking Research ampler
3. Pseudoscience opinion
4. Critical thinking
a) Ask questions (who, what, when, where, why, how)
b) Communicate clearly define terms
- clarity
c) examine the evidence
- is there anything else that can cause this….
d) analysis assumptions and biases
e) avoid emotionality (typical of teenagers)
- emotion interferes with reason
- takes logic off course sought conformation
(ex lottery spending like crazy)
f) Don’t over simplify
- don’t make things less than they are
g) consider alterative interpretations or explanations
h) Tolerate I know that I don’t know (not jump to conclusions)
- be prepared to fail
B. Psychology then: a short history
1) Great thinkers arm chair lab
- couch potato, relaxing, serene
science, mice, experiments
Greek philosophers
- Aristotle biologist Why?
- Plato What is right?
- Socrates
(Socratic Reasoning)
2) Hippocrates fonder medicine “do no harm”
- head injuries Emotional changes
- Gall (phrenology)
3) Wundt
- combined medicine and philosophy
- father of psychology
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Document Summary

September 8th 2009: greek symbol for soul/spirit s p, definition: the study of the behavior and mental processes and how they are affected by our physical state, out mental state and our external environment, a science. Critical thinking research ampler: pseudoscience opinion, critical thinking, ask questions (who, what, when, where, why, how, communicate clearly define terms. Is there anything else that can cause this : analysis assumptions and biases, avoid emotionality (typical of teenagers) Takes logic off course sought conformation (ex lottery spending like crazy: don"t over simplify. Don"t make things less than they are: consider alterative interpretations or explanations, tolerate i know that i don"t know (not jump to conclusions) Be prepared to fail: psychology then: a short history, great thinkers arm chair lab. Socrates (socratic reasoning: hippocrates fonder medicine do no harm . Studied sensation, perception (basic elements: structuralism. Studied the basic elements of consciousness (things we are aware of, stimulation)

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