SOC 233 October 28, 2011
25 Multiple Choice
4 Short Answer, but shorter in length
Review Structural Functionalism, Symbolic Interactionism and Network Theory.
Note – Only read section on Network Theory and Network Exchange Theory in textbook (p. 437-444).
Note – The Strength of Weak Ties, listed in syllabus (NOT on midterm 2, only on final exam).
Based on theory and mathematical equations.
Criticism – Not very theoretical; more of an application.
What is Social Network Theory?
Social Network: Social structure made of nodes that are tied by one or more specific types of
A map of all of the relevant ties between the nodes being studied.
Measuring how things are connected to each other.
eg) Values, friendship, kinship, roads.
Visualization; map of how things are connected or related to another.
Social Relationships Are Viewed As:
Nodes: Individual actors or organizations, or any unit that is connected to other units.
eg) Each person in the picture above, but not how they are connected.
Ties: Relationship between actors.
eg) The connections between the people in the above picture. Note – Social networks are built on common interests.
eg) Dot and Smith are connected because they both like chemistry. Smith is also a political
activist, as is Jane.
Note – As you develop, each person will have their own social network.
Within the theory, we can understand how connections happen, and why some are, and some
are not connected to each other.
2 Ways to Study Networks:
1. Whole Networks: All of the ties containing specified relations in a defined population.
Starting at a higher level of whole network, and understanding all of the relationships within it.
Large scale networks.
eg) Movie – You can figure out who has co-stared with whom; list every actor and compare.
2. Personal Networks: Specific ties that a particular individual has.
Egocentric; starting at the individual.
Small scale networks.
There is no assumption that groups are the building blocks of society.
Interested at studying less bounded social systems.
Rather than treating individuals as discrete units of analysis, it focuses on how the structure of
ties affects individuals and their relationships.
How Can We Conceptualize Network Theory
1. Symmetrical Analysis – Ties among nodes are symmetrical.
Symmetrical in terms of the intensity among nodes.
2. Structural Analysis - Ties must be analyzed within structure of larger social network.
3. Assymetrical Ties – Resources are not evenly distributed amongst nodes.
eg) Networks that develop amongst organizations; collaboration amongst