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soc 233 nov 14

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SOC 233
Kara Somerville

SOC 233 November 14, 2011 Feminist Theory Con’t… Hochschild – Emotional Labour Emotional Labour: The management of feeling to create a publicly observable facial and bodily display.  Workers are expected to display certain emotions as part of their job.  Half of women have a job that entails emotional labour.  Women are experiencing emotional labour in non-work settings as well. Characterized by: 1. Face-to-face interaction 2. Production of emotional state in another person. 3. Employer can exercise control over emotional activities. Note – Effort to manage feelings/emotions results in owning emotions.  Emotions become a commodity in capitalist economy.  Society is “buying” people’s emotions through the work they are doing.  Feelings become part of a work description. Hochschild – The Time Bond & The Second Shift  Goffman had greatest influence on her ideas.  Theories to this point downplay the role of emotion.  Impression management and emotional labour are both gendered. Note – Hochschild states that the front stage/backstage isn’t just surface impressions, but deep impressions.  Impression and emotional management.  eg) Being sad at a funeral, and happy at a wedding. Time Bind - When work becomes home, and home becomes work.  Marx argues that the workplace is alienating, and home is a haven.  Hochschild argues that home is alienating, and the workplace is a haven.  eg) Laundry and dishes piling up; ill children. Time Bind: We work so many hours that we are not able to get what we need to get done at home, done.  We have a struggle in capitalist economy, where we do not have enough time both in the economic and domestic sphere.  People are reluctant to take advantages of parental leave, etc. because they are afraid of the consequences.  eg) Loss of job, lack of promotion.  We have policies which should alleviate these, but people are still reluctant. Note – Women and men often hire someone to do domestic duties.  Leads to the creation of “potential self.”  ie) If I had more time, this is all that I would be able to accomplish. Because I do not have the time, I will have to get someone else to do it. Women who display non-trophy pictures at work:  Women’s roles are not trophy-type.  Not “acceptable” for women to promote family life. Men who display trophy pictures at work:  Are considered good, family men.  Are seen in a positive light through the promotion of family life. The Second Shift : The domestic, unpaid shift.  AKA – Double ghetto.  eg) Washing floors, doing laundry, bathing children, etc.  Women engage in more second shift activities. Stalled Revolution: Women are moving into paid labour force, but still having to perform domestic duties.
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