SOC 233 October 12, 2011
Exams were returned!
Merton – Structural Functionalism
Attempted to address the limitations of other theorizers.
Maintenance of Stability
1. Manifest Functions: Institutions were the functions are open, state, conscious and deliberate
2. Latent Functions: Unconscious or unattended functions of an institution.
Merton’s Example – Hoppy Rain Dance
Manifest Function - Traditional ceremonial dance.
Latent Function – Essential for creating a group identity and sentiment; way to unite individuals.
Manifest Function – To share a support a couple as they unite.
Latent Function – Family reunion; the only time you see relatives.
Manifest Function – Education.
Latent Function – Relationship broker; learning to live on your own.
Reference Group Theory – Hyman (1942)
Reference Group(s): Any and all groups that influence the attitudes and behaviour of individuals.
Individuals will compare themselves with references groups which they aspire to become.
How you see yourself is based upon the group to which you compare yourself.