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Biology Essay.docx

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Department
Biology
Course
BIOL 130
Professor
Heidi Engelhardt
Semester
Fall

Description
Cell Bio Bites Topic: Biological Membranes – Liposomes for Drug Delivery The Advances Made in Cancer Research using Liposomes By Injeong Yang 20526977 For Biol 130 Tutorial Section 125 Michael Taylor The Advances Made in Cancer Research using Liposomes Many of the drugs that are taken have unwanted side effects in the human body. Liposomes are global structures found in the lipid bilayer that are sought to heighten the therapeutic effects of drugs (Allen, 1996). Research started in the 1900s with many experiments conducted on how liposomes could offer their maximum potential and efficiency (Allen, 1996). This essay explores the idea that liposomes have advanced in curing cancer with site-specific targeting, reducing the size of liposomes, and optimizing the liposome surface. Site-specific targeting has greatly improved the chances of the anticancer drug reaching the wanted area, especially in cancer research. The therapeutic effects are much higher in passive and active targeting (Sharma & Sharma, 1997). Passive targeting is used on cells that will automatically phagocytize liposomes. Allen (1996) gives the example of liposomal doxorubicin, an anticancer drug that is made with hydrophilic polymers in order to increase the time that the drug can be used. Active targeting forcefully attaches the liposome to the desired site using antibodies (Sharma & Sharma, 1997). It has been tested that passive targeting works on solid tumours, while active targeting is more effectual on less developed tumours due to the permeability of the liposomes. Both methods are instrumental in reducing the spread of cancer throughout the body. Smaller sizes in liposomes are more functional in acting as an anticancer drug. The reduced size lengthens the duration in which the liposomes are prone to phagocytosis (Sharma & Sharma, 1997). These liposomes are able to travel through capillaries in comparison to the
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