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Class Notes for Biology at University of Waterloo

BIOL130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Integrin, Proteoglycan, Fibronectin
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BIOL 130 Lecture 19 Unit 11 Cells and Their Social Networks (Final Lecture) Proteoglycans A hybrid proteincarbohydrate molecule; highly branched Absorb water readily This is the reason we are soft and are made mostly of wa...

Biology
BIOL130
Heidi Engelhardt
BIOL130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Rebar, Intermediate Filament, Plant Cell
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BIOL 130 Lecture 18 Unit 11 Cells and Their Social Networking ECM Cell Wall: Common Features Long fibres (crosslinked); strong, like rebar Matrix is like the concrete that helps to prevent compression Plant Cell Walls The ...

Biology
BIOL130
Heidi Engelhardt
BIOL130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Centrosome, Tubulin, Microtubule
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Lecture 17 BIOL 130 Unit 10 Cytoskeleton Microtubules Consist of tubulin (heterodimer with and subunits) Dimers polymerize to from the walls of the hollow tube The plus end has a subunit and the negative subunit The plus ...

Biology
BIOL130
Heidi Engelhardt
BIOL130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Necrosis, Cytoskeleton, Phagocyte
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BIOL 130 Lecture 16 Unit 9 Mitosis, Meiosis, Cell Cycle ctd and Unit 10 Cytoskeleton How Cancer Starts Starts as a failure to respect cell cycle checkpoints, especially GS checkpoints 1 With uncontrollable division, DNA da...

Biology
BIOL130
Heidi Engelhardt
BIOL130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Metaphase, Regulate (Song), S Phase
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BIOL 130 Lecture 15 Unit 9 Mitosis, Meiosis, Cell Cycle Aneuploidy in Humans Astonishingly common Accounts for 20 of pregnancy losses Almost always lethal, except for trisomy 21 or trisomy 18 Aneuploidy is a human problem,...

Biology
BIOL130
Heidi Engelhardt
BIOL130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Guanine, Adenine, Cholera
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BOL 130 Lecture 13 Unit 8 Cell Communication Long vs. Short Range Communication (Animal Cells) Endocrine oLong range through circulation oThe hormone from the endocrine cell travels through the circulatory system to reach ...

Biology
BIOL130
Heidi Engelhardt
BIOL130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Lipid Signaling, Phospholipase C, Diglyceride
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BIOL 130 Lecture 14 Unit 8 Cell Communication ctd and Unit 9 Mitosis, Meiosis, Cell Cycle GCPR Activation of Phospholipase C The subunit activates another membrane associated protein, phospholipase C, after receiving a sig...

Biology
BIOL130
Heidi Engelhardt
BIOL130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Unfolded Protein Response, Golgi Apparatus, Protein Folding
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BIOL 130 Lecture 11 Unit 7 Intracellular Compartments and Protein Sorting Vesicular Transport Secretory pathways oProcessing in ER oProtein folding and unfolded protein response oProcessing in Golgi apparatus oExocytosis o...

Biology
BIOL130
Heidi Engelhardt
BIOL130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Dolichol, Transcytosis, Low-Density Lipoprotein
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BIOL 130 Lecture 12 Unit 7 Intracellular Compartments and Protein Sorting ctd Vesicular Transport The secretory pathway A transport vesicle is like a temporary organelle Vesicle traffic oOutward from ER to Golgi to other o...

Biology
BIOL130
Heidi Engelhardt
BIOL130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Glycerol, Active Transport
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BIOL 130 Lecture 10 Unit 6 Biological Membranes ctd. Membrane Semipermeability Small nonpolar molecules diffuse most readily oO, CO, N, steroid hormones 222 Small uncharged polar molecules: do not cross as readily oHO, eth...

Biology
BIOL130
Heidi Engelhardt
BIOL130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Amphiphile, Phospholipid, Cytosol
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BIOL 130 Lecture 9 Unit 6 Biological Membranes Membrane Functions Have a selectively permeable barrier; transport mechanisms are needed for molecules that cannot pass through unaided Compartmentalization: a system for orga...

Biology
BIOL130
Heidi Engelhardt
BIOL130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Intron, Transfer Rna, Peptide
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BIOL 130 Lecture 8 Unit 5 Gene Expression continued Transcription in Eukaryotes (vs Prokaryotes) mRNA are generated in the nucleus and need to be shipped out into the cytoplasm and processed mRNA Capping and Polyadenation ...

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BIOL130
Heidi Engelhardt
BIOL130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Glycerol, Allosteric Regulation, Cistron
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BIOL 130 Lecture 7 Unit 4 Cellular Respiration Chemiosmosis ctd and Unit 5a Gene Expression What Happens if There Is No Oxygen? There is no oxygen to accept the final electron transfer in the ETC There is a buildup of NAD...

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BIOL130
Heidi Engelhardt
BIOL130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Glycolysis, Photophosphorylation, Catabolism
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BIOL 130 Lecture 6 Unit 4 Cellular Respiration Chemiosmosis Cellular Respiration How cells obtain energy from food Cells require energy for endergonic reactions to occur Sugars are oxidized into COand HO 2 2 The energy pr...

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BIOL130
Heidi Engelhardt
BIOL130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Manganese, Sucrose, Enzyme
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BIOL 130 Lecture 5 Unit 3: Thermodynamics and Catalysts Thermodynamics Relationship between heat and energy st 1 Law of Thermodynamics oEnergy can be transferred or transformed, but not created or destroyed nd 2 Law of Th...

Biology
BIOL130
Heidi Engelhardt
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Extensor Carpi Ulnaris Muscle, Flexor Pollicis Longus Muscle, Abductor Digiti Minimi Muscle Of Hand

perm ach artsMT T rigger Points II: Extremities T rigger Points II: Extremities ...

ANAT - Anatomy
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ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
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ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
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Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Sacral Plexus, Lumbar Plexus, Sympathetic Ganglion

pe rm a ch ar ts MT Spinal Cord 2nd EDITION Figure ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
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Multicellular Biology - Reference Guides

This Guide is the progressive companion to the Cellular Biology title. The complexities of human physiology are made much clearer through the bright graphics and intelligently coordinated text boxes and glossaries that are...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
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Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Levator Veli Palatini, Orbicularis Oculi Muscle, Scalene Muscles

Muscular System: pe rm ac ha rts MT Head & Torso 2nd EDITION ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
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ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
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ANAT - Anatomy
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Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Heart Valve, Inferior Vena Cava, Pulmonary Valve

permacharts TM Cardiovascular Physiology 2nd EDITION HEART STRUCTURE & FUNCTION ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
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ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
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Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Meiosis, Nuclear Membrane, Nuclear Pore

l e a r n • r e f e r e n c e • r e v i e w permacharts TM CCellular Biology BIOLOGY BASICS C...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
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Cellular Respiration - Reference Guides

The specific aspects of cellular respiration are explained in this helpful Guide. The fundamental processes such as the electron transport chain, proton pumps, ATP synthetase, and glycolysis are each described with helpful...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
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Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Submandibular Duct, Parotid Duct, Palatine Tonsil

pe rm a ch a rtsMT DDigestive System 2nd EDITION Fi...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
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Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Antigen-Presenting Cell, Memory T Cell, Clonal Deletion

permacharts TM IImmunology 2nd EDITION G ENERAL INFORMATION - AN OVERVIEW ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
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Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Superior Frontal Sulcus, Inferior Parietal Lobule, Superior Frontal Gyrus

p erm ac hartsMT Brain 2nd EDITION FIGURE 1: GROSS ANATOMY (LATERAL VIEW) ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 173
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Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Superficial Palmar Arch, Costocervical Trunk, Thyrocervical Trunk

p erm a ch ar tsMT CCirculatory System 2nd EDITION Figure...

Biology
BI 361
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