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Chemical Compounds (Chapter 3) Full summary of everything covered in chapter 3 of the General Chemistry 10Edition

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University of Waterloo
CHEM 120
Carey Bissonnette

Chemical Compounds Types of Chemical Compounds and their FormulasCovalent bonds which involve a sharing of electrons between atoms give rise to molecular compounds Ionic bonds which involve a transfer of electrons from one atom to another give rise to ionic compoundsAn empirical formula is the simplest formula for a compoundThe subscripts in an empirical formula are reduced to their simplest wholenumber ratioA molecular formula is based on an actual molecule of a compoundA structural formula shows the order in which atoms are bonded together in a molecule and by what types of bondsA condensed structural formula is written on a single lineOrganic compounds are made up principally of carbon and hydrogen with oxygen andor nitrogen as important constituents in many of them Each carbon atom forms four covalent bondsChemical combination of a metal and a nonmetal usually results in an ionic compound An ionic compoundAn ionic compound is made up of positive and negative ions joined together by electrostatic forces of attractionThe formula unit of an ionic compound is the smallest electrically neutral collection of ions The Mole Concept and Chemical Compounds Formula mass is the mass of a fo
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