ENGL104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Pathos, Rationality

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2 Aug 2016
Department
Course
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5th Class: Narrative Perspective
From Last Class
Ethos, logos, and pathos **use**
oEthos centers around the speaker/orator
oPathos centers around the audience
oLogos centers around the argument/speech/address itself
Notes
Looking at narrative and what ideological ideas are integrated into it
Can also apply to speeches
oProgression of a country eg.
Instead of point proof explanation, you have characters that have morals, etc.
Moral refers to values that a story proposes about how we should behave
oWhat’s normal, what’s assumed?
oWhat is the hero acting for, and why do we identify with that?
Narratives: books, films, music, comics, dance, comedy, theater, diary entries,
newspaper articles
Active vs. Stative events
Poetics
oLyric verse
oEpic verse (long, well known story, in the authors language)
oDrama (stage performances)
o1) mimesis
representation
means that narrative art has to tell a story and symbolize/represent
reality in some way
o2) genre
all art needs a genre in order to function
use conventional patterns
play on audiences’ expectations
eg. Novel, play, poetry, TV
eg. Western, SciFi, Romance (more tightly defined)
oplot (what happens and why)
reversals (up and down motion of character’s trajectory)
recognition (when the hero has a moment of self recognition)
suffering
causality: major element of plot
reactions
cause and effect
what spurs the initial problem
all have a beginning, middle, and end
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