GEOG233 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Guimaras, Megaproject, Agritourism

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GEOG 233 – Lecture 12
Tourism Stakeholders
Tourists
Local Communities are comprised of many dierent actors who
view tourism development dierently
Government
Community groups
Special interest, not-for-pro%t
Private sector
(business tourism and supporting businesses)
Public
Organizing Space
Front stage – Back stage
Dean MacCannell
Stage Authenticity (Tourism experience)
Organization of Space (tourism planning)
Organizing Space
1st stage:
Tourists only
Little to no relation to place
Encounters limited to tourists and tourism employees
Las vegas
2nd stage:
Built for tourists
Decorated in a way which resembles back region
Eg: historic tourism districts, Quebec City
3rd stage:
Built for tourists
Simulates back region
Eg: Polynesian Cultural Village, Hawaii
4th stage:
Back region open to outsiders
Eg: working farms, ranches; wineries
5th stage:
Back region not completely closed to outsiders.
Temporarily altered for tourists.
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Eg: Informal homestays, community visits during jungle
treks; aboriginal tourism
6th stage:
True back region
Not for tourists
Tourists may be prohibited
Eg – Planting rice with ethnic groups, home visits,
restricted sacred spaces, local weddings
Managing Tourism Space
Regulations
Spatial Zoning & Area Protection
Visitor Management
Public Consultation
Codes of Conduct
Managing Tourism Space
Regulations - Policies, Laws, Enforcement
Construction – tourism zones
Tourism business operations – licenses, permits
Environmental : waste management, water treatment, CO2
emissions, noise
Economic: taxes, employment conditions & wages
Social and cultural: formally or informally accepted behaviours
Managing Tourism Space
Spatial zoning & Area protection
A spatial regulation of sorts – permissive
What activities and where undertaken
Can be done to separate tourism and local spaces
Limiting impacts + / -
Visitor Management & Preferred sites
Visitor dispersion, concentration
Planned scenic drives, tourist routes, strategic spaces
Pricing and entry restrictions
Eg. Galapagos National Park $100 fee
Guiding
Managing Tourism Space
Consultation
Surveys – perceptions, attitudes, and experiences
Residents
Tourist satisfaction
Public meetings
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