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Lecture

Introduction Zeitgeist.docx

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Department
German
Course
GER 100
Professor
Paul Malone
Semester
Fall

Description
10 September 2012 Introduction into Zeitgeist Zeit·geist Noun: the defining spirit or mood of a particular period of history as shown by the ideas and beliefs of the time: “the story captured the zeitgeist of the late 1960s.” What is Culture?  Chris Jenks summarizes four prevailing definitions: 1. Cognitive: “a general state of [an individual person’s] mind.” 2. Collective: “a state of intellectual and/or moral development in society.” 3. Concrete: “the collective body of arts and intellectual work within any one society.” 4. Social: “the whole way of life of a people.” Schein: 3 levels of culture  Observable behaviour and artefacts o Visible organisation structures and processes  Espoused values o Strategies, goals, philosophies (justifications)  Basic underlying assumptions What is Popular Culture?  John Storey offers six definitions: 1. “culture…widely favoured or well-liked by many people” 2. “the culture… leftover after we have decided what is high culture” 3. “A ‘mass culture’… hopelessly commercial... formulaic, manipulative…imposed and impoverished…” 4. “the culture which originates from the people… authentic… folk culture 5. “A site of struggle between the forces of resistance of subordinate groups in society, and the forces of incorp
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