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HIST 110
Sebastian Siebel- Achenbach

HIST 110 SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION WED. NOV. 21 EXAM: 3 parts, 10% each section. 1: identify & significance (answer 5/12 terms from ppt slides) 2: 3 questions, answer 1. Reconstruct general historical process w/ detail mark depends on how many things you reference and order of thoughts. 3: 3 statements of provocative nature. Say whether you agree/disagree with points for 1 statement, mark depends on enough points to support your claim, no right answer. REVIEW th th 16 /17 century: 2 things that happened that cause upheaval 1. Population increase more affordable food available, procreation exploded, western Europe 2. Price revolution inflation, prices went up dramatically, influx of gold/silver from new world, th money became plentiful which loses its value *16 century society wasn’t built on rapid changes, mostly medieval society. Population/price changes were difficult for society to accept. In towns, population increase meant reduction in people who could be employed. Financial terms in inflation, those on fixed incomes found their income was decreasing. New taxes were rejected which led to violence in form of peasants uprisings: longer lasting, consumed more people, “Great Peasants Uprising” in southwest Germany: led to war that killed hundred thousands. “Undeserving poor” suffered mutilation to deter people Women with no family/fixed address assumed to be prostitute  Every time had red light district  Prostitutethaccepted to some degree  End of 16 century prostitution outlawed, no longer tolerated to same degree as before Vagrants assumed to be criminals and accused of criminal acts which meant they were subjected to torture  Torture was legitimate means to extract confessions  Believed those truly innocent would never confess  Torture was gruesome  No specific maximum time of allowed torture  Accepted as judicial process  Every town had place where torture took place th  In 16 century torture becomes public, way of intimidating others  Confession led to public executions Deserving poor: people within a community, born in community, and associated with community, may be considered citizens Underserving poor: foreigners, come to towns with no family/relations, no skills, no charity given to them, left on own In 16 century: rise of new pheneonom: the witchcraft craze Witchcraft  Alwaythbeen accusations of witchcraft  In 16 century those accused of witchcraft increase dramatically  Those in cults, or those in black arts  Cults: recognized in medieval society. People involved in astrology/alchemy. Acceptance of wizards b/c they could undertake something into beneficial/miracles. HIST 110 SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION WED. NOV. 21  Black magic: meant you were in liaison with the devil. Called upon devil to provide some action/result. Women were primarily considered to be operative with black magic: witches. Male witches: warlocks, but only made up 10% of witchcraft charges. 80% witchcraft charges against women. Women targeted because of perception they had understanding of body, herbal remedies, mid-wives, mysterious functions of body, tended to be outcasts in society, no family, outside of villages/towns. Single, isolated persons with no social network for protection. 
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