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Lecture

HIST191 Lecture Notes - Berlin Wall, Mary Fulbrook, Mikhail Gorbachev


Department
History
Course Code
HIST191
Professor
Julia Roberts

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HIST 191 NOVEMBER 9, 1989 FALL OF THE BERLIN WALL WED. NOV 28
Situation after WW2
Germany was divided among the allies
Soviets took eastern Germany
Western took western Germany
Soviets took eastern berlin, Americans took western
Tensions between soviets and US because of Berlin division
Soviets block roads in East Berlin, so US uses planes
Leads to refugee crisis from East Germany, went through to West Berlin
Hundreds of thousands left East Germany. 1/6 population gone, most in the world.
East German government built wall around West Berlin to prevent crossing. Forced
people to support communism. Built on august 13 1961.
Wall goes around the west
Western Berlin becomes a hippie place: wanted to make themselves attractive
to live in b/c they had wall surrounding them. Tax incentives. No conscription
for army.
Wall stabilizes East Berlin
1970’s in East Germany
Television same with West Germany
East Germany achievements
18 weeks paid pregnancy leave
Incomes increased 23%, production is up
2 million new homes. Everybody had a house.
Had Olympic success, placed 3rd in 1972 & 1976
Builds new parliament “Palace of the Republic”: place of gathering people, in the center of East
Berlin.
1974 constitution: declares victory of communism
Oil Crisis of 1973
Mortgages went up 18%
Huge line ups at gas stations
Problem for east Germany: as oil prices went up and interest they had tough time paying off
loans to West
Pressure for East to maintain same standard of living as West
Alexander Golodkowski
Commercial coordination branch of government: trying to pay off west
Sold whatever East Germany had to the West
Sold political prisoners to West, so West had to buy back freedom of Western German person
Sold east german blood
Political Unrest 1970
Self-burning of Pastor Oskar Brueswitz 1976 publicly
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