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HIST191 Lecture Notes - W. M. Keck Observatory, Social Darwinism, Finished Good

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Julia Roberts

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HIST 191 The Scramble for Africa Monday October 22, 2012
1648: contential European powers got together to end conflict over many religious issues, settle of
treaty of 30 years’ war
- monarch no longer able to dictate fate of subjects
enter west phailian period
Empires have been dominate form of human organization
Africa was largely independent
10% of Africa under European control
Only Liberia and Abyssinia still independent
Entire rest of continent controlled by European countries ex. Italy, Portugal, Spain, France
Difficult to penetrate interior of Africa
Tropical diseases, malaria, euroeapsn exposed to health risks
Africa last under European imperialism
European Motives for Imperialism
Industrial Revolution
Source for Raw Materials
Markets for Finished Goods
Tools of empire
European Nationalism
Missionary Activity
Bring the world of god to non-believers
Military and Naval Bases
Places to dump unwanted/excess populations to find a home
Social and Economic Opportunist
Humanitarian Reasons
European Racism Social Darwinism
- search for headwaters of the Nile, and search for resources brought Europeans to Africa
- Great Britain/France primary in Africa in early 19th century
- King of Belgium touches on Scramble for Africa
1879 hires Stanley to explore headwaters of Congo
- rubber comes from rubber trees. First human caused genocide, 8 million victims,
starvation/disease/pressures of Belgium’s