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Lecture 1

KIN354 Lecture 1: Chapter+7+-+Sport+Psychology+Interventions+-+October+19


Department
Kinesiology
Course Code
KIN354
Professor
Peter Hall
Lecture
1

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KIN 354 Group Activity
Chapter 7: Sport Psychology Interventions
October 19, 2017
Discuss the following case study in your group and post your individual responses on LEARN.
Type your responses at the end of this document.
You are working as a sport psychology consultant and have been contacted by a varsity soccer player.
Jenny is 18 years old and recently moved to attend university on a scholarship for soccer. Jenny
explains, “I would like to be the top goal scorer in the province… I may as well aim high”, yet feels that
she is no longer improving since starting university, especially following an injury. In addition, she feels
extremely anxious during competition, even though she never used to have these feelings when
playing in high school, and states that she plays well in practice. She also reports doubting her soccer
abilities altogether, especially after a recent soccer match where she was substituted and explained the
following: “Even the substitute came on the field and scored, I should have been happy because the
team was doing well, but I was really jealous”. In relation to the varsity team, Jenny feels that “the team
doesn’t have any goals, they just seem happy to play well… where’s that gonna get us?”
When asked to describe the experiences in competition that make her feel like she is not improving,
Jenny states that before every game she cannot stop focusing on scoring goals and admits that she
does not want to be “the striker who scores the least amount of goals”. When she steps onto the field
the game plan is forgotten and all Jenny can imagine is scoring a goal and the buzz inside she gets
when that happens. She says that even though she knows the best strategies for her team, she
imagines that all the game plans will fail.
Following a recent injury, Jenny says her goals have not changed and she states, “I had an injury last
season and feel like I’m not improving… my passing is messy since I’ve returned”. After the injury,
even though she feels her passing needs improving, she cannot seem to imagine this happening; in
fact, she cannot imagine any of her skills improving. Jenny is asked if she has any goals relating to
practice or relating to her imagery but responds with “I just want to stay focused in the match and keep
control of the ball while approaching the goal.”
Although the night before each game Jenny imagines herself feeling confident in front of her
opponents, she cannot seem to imagine getting psyched up in order to play well. Often she imagines
playing well without putting in much effort and Jenny states that she wants to improve in soccer to be
as good as some of the National Players on the team.
When asked about when she would like to achieve her goals, Jenny states, I aim to improve right
away, as Ive been training hard after my injury so Id like to see a change in a couple of weeks. The
events have left Jenny feeling disheartened and disappointed, thus making her anxiety worse during
competition.
1. What do you think Jennys three most important issues are when it comes to her
performance?
A: One major issue that affects Jennys performance is her personal confidence in herself which
affects her motivation and behavior which directly relates to her performance. Evidence of this
can be seen in the case study as she constantly mentions that she feels is she unable to
improve her skills no matter what she tries.
Another major issue that affects Jennys performance is her attitude towards soccer, and her
inability to see the bigger picture during the game. Jenny is a young athlete who has been
offered a scholarship to university to play soccer. This initially resulted in a huge boost in her
confidence, however as the season progressed, her injuries and failures started to accumulate,
slowly tearing at her self-esteem. This performance stress of hers causes her to tunnel vision
during games due to fear of being the striker who scores the least amount of goals”. With this
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