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Music (194)
MUSIC 140 (143)
Simon Wood (143)
Lecture 12

Lecture 12 of 12 - HardRock_HeavyMetal_BlackSabbath_LedZeppelin_ResponsesToHeavyMetal_PreCursorsToHipHop_DJs_SugarHillRecords_MTV.pdf

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Department
Music
Course
MUSIC 140
Professor
Simon Wood
Semester
Summer

Description
Hard  Rock/  Heavy  Metal   -­‐  Sonic  development  from  Psychedelic  Blues  (very  strong  blues  influence)   -­‐  Lyrics  are  (in  part)  a  response  to  the  failure  of  Counter  Culture     Founding  Bands   -­‐ Black  Sabbath  (band  from  England;  lead  singer  Ozzy)   -­‐ Deep  Purple   -­‐ Led  Zeppelin     -­‐ Most  bands  are  named  ‘The  …[something].  ‘  (e.g.  The  Beach  Boys,  etc.)   -­‐ Most  companies  don’t  have  a  ‘The  ..  [Something]’   -­‐ Bands  are  not  interested  in  a  collective  view;  they  are  singular.   o You  are  part  of  it,  or  you  are  not.     -­‐  Central  to  the  sounds  is  the  distorted  electric  guitar   -­‐  Result  of  the  failure  of  the  counter  culture     Read:  punk  and  disco  sections  in  book  (at  least  1  question  from  punk,  and  at  least  1   question  from  disco  will  be  on  final  exam)  J     Genre  associated  with  1070s  but  started  from  1960s     Jimi  Hendrix  started  it     Heavy  Metal   -­‐ Ex.  Metallica   -­‐ Sound  (higher  and  more  intense  level  of  distortion  in  guitars  and  voice)   -­‐ Tempo  [mid-­‐range  hard  rock,  heavy  metal  has  extremes  (both  slow  and  fast)]   -­‐ Lyrics   o Hard  Rock   § Go  back  to  the  themes/lyrics  of  Chuck  Berry   • Mostly  about  cars,  girls,  no  school   o Heavy  metal   § Communal,  positive  lyrics  of  the  counter  culture  and  turns   inwards  (e.g.  unstable  states  of  mind,  songs  about  paranoia,   madness,  fantasy,  a  lot  of  Christian/religious  imagery,  futility   of  war   § Point  of  few  of  frustration  in  that  we  don’t  see  the  lesson  and   there  is  no  point  to  have  war  since  no  gain  in  country)     Hard  Rock  bands   -­‐ Ex.  ACDC   -­‐ Mid-­‐range  tempo   -­‐ Not  much  different  from  Chuck  Berry  song   -­‐ You  can  dance  to  most       Black  Sabbath  (Heavy  Metal  Band)   -­‐ “Doomy  music”   -­‐ Madness  /  futility  of  war   -­‐ Wanted  to  write  songs  about  what  they  saw   o A  lot  of  young  people  saw  no  opportunity   -­‐ Used  to  call  their  music  type  as  Doom  music   -­‐ Late  1960/early  1970s  (WW2  ended  in  1945;  not  that  long  ago)   -­‐ The  Black  Sabbath  name  came  from  a  movie  title  that  was  playing  down  the   street  from  Ozzy’s  house.     Side  note:  England  never  really  had  a  counter  culture  since  they  never  had  near  the   high  level  of  prosperity  as  North  America.  Therefore,  there  was  not  a  large  enough   middle  class  to  make  it  happen.     SONG  –  Black  Sabbath  by  War  Pigs   -­‐ Change  in  tempo   o Starts  off  slow,  but  then  gets  a  lot  faster  (doubles  up)   -­‐ Lyrics  are  clearly  “doomy”  lyrics     Deep  Purple  (Hard  Rock  Band)   -­‐ Use  of  electric  organ   -­‐ Classical  influences  in  musicianship  and  approach  to  solos     SONG  –  Highway  Star  by  Deep  Purple   -­‐ “Nobody  is  going  to  take  my  car,  nobody  is  going  to  take  my  girl”   o Chuck  Berry  lyrics;  about  cars  and  girls   -­‐ Not  super  fast  tempo,  not  slow,  it  is  mid-­‐range  tempo,  and  stays  this  way  for   whole  song   o Allows  people  to  dance  to  it   -­‐ Playing  an  instrument  called  an  electric  organ  (electric  keyboard)   o Religious  attachment   -­‐ Organ  makes  the  cut  as  an  instrument  because  it  was  a  metaphor  for  power   o The  note  will  play  forever   -­‐ Representing  the  power  of  the  individual   o Power  of  “your”  greatness   -­‐ Influence  of  classical  music.     John  Lord  is  classically  training   -­‐ Played  keyboard/organ  in  Deep  Purple  band   -­‐ His  solo  is  from  Bach  period  (1500s  –  mid  1700s)     Most  musicians  are  self-­‐taught  from  1950s   1960s  –  some  may  have  lessons   1970s  –  John  Lord  studied  classical  music     Led  Zeppelin   -­‐ Hardest  to  categorize  because  they  did  so  many  things  in  each  song   -­‐ Blues-­‐riff-­‐based  songs   -­‐ Importance  of  control  in  studio   -­‐ Most  pronounced  blues  influence  of  any  of  the  early  bands   -­‐ Blues  covers   o Made  some  blues  musicians  very  rich   o A  lot  of  Chess  records  blues  musicians  were  covered   -­‐ Riff  based   -­‐ Band  was  obsessed  with  studio  music   th -­‐ Stairway  to  Heaven  is  one  of  their  most  well-­‐known  songs  (on  4  album)   o Well  over  7  minutes  long   o Jimmy  Page  didn’t  allow  record  company  to  cut  down  to  2-­‐3  minutes.   -­‐ Plays  with  bow,  mastery,  lights  change,  echo  effect   o It  will  get  you  to  go  to  the  concerts,  buy  albums,  etc.   -­‐ Lead  singer  is  very  female  like.     SONG  –  Whole  Lotta  Love  by  Led  Zeppelin   -­‐ Elements  showing  how  the  music  industry  was  changing   -­‐ Late  1960s  –  Hippie  Aesthetic   -­‐ Move  away  from  dancing  to  listening,  and  move  away  from  single,  to  album   -­‐ Songs  are  4,5  or  6  minutes   o Normal  singles  are  2-­‐3  minutes     2  responses  to  Heavy  Metal  (in  1970s):     1.  Punk  music   -­‐ Ex.  Sex  Pistols   o Only  released  1  album   o Went  through  ½  a  tour   -­‐ Completely  rejects  the  notion  of  a  star/mastery   -­‐ Anyone  should  and  could  get  up  and  play  in  a  band   o Doesn’t  matter  how  good  you  are.   -­‐ Rejected  solos   o Meant  you  were  too  good   -­‐ Style  rejected  corporations,  etc.   -­‐ Burned  very  quickly,  and  very  bright   -­‐ Short  lived  though     2.  Disco  music   -­‐ Made  everyone  a  star   -­‐ Band  was  not  important   -­‐ Live  performance  was  important   -­‐ Dance  solo       Meanwhile,  something  was  forming  in  New  York  called  Hip  Hop.     HIP  HOP   -­‐ Folk  culture   -­‐ South  Bronx,  New  York  City  –  
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