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PACS 202 (100)

Approaches to Conflict

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Peace and Conflict Studies
PACS 202
Betty Pries

Lecture 4: Approaches to Conflict: Positions and Interests, Understanding Power and Conflict Responding to someone who crushes your arm o How does this response compare to the IAE response? o IAE response seeks to provide information in order to generate understanding o This response seeks to give acknowledgement Discussion In Fall 2011, the New York Magazine ran an article called “parents of a certain age” about women who use medical treatment to become pregnant in advanced middle age (50+). The article has been controversial. Some argue: Women should have the right to bear children or not. 1. What was your discussion experience like – what methodology did you use to manage our conversation? 2. In your discussions what were the reasons given behind the position you took? 3. Did anyone reveal a reason which seemed to trump all other reasons? If so, what was it and how did it become a trump card? a. Pushing out argument at a very rational level Positions and Interests  Positions: stated solutions to an issue (90%)  Interests: needs, wants, fears, hopes – reasons why we take the positions we do (10%)  Middling interests o Wants – tangibles o Substantive or procedural o Wants based conflicts becomes needs based  Foundational interests o Needs – intangibles  what we try to avoid o Psychological  Self-determination  Belonging  Recognition  Security  Success in some part of one’s life o Sometimes described as matters of identity  Interests o Mutual o Compatible o Incompatible Case Example  How do “throw-away comments”, relate to the positions & interests model? Communication Skills using P and I  How do we get from positions to interests? • Open-ended questions • Genuine curiosity (shift from judgement to curiousity) • Summarizing/paraphrasing statements • Verbal indicators and body language to indicate listening • Appropriate revelation of own interests • Agreement, acknowledgement whenever possible • Apologies as appropriate Power  Having authority over something  Capacity to influence others  Control  Confidence  To get what one wants  Capacity to bring about chance  Ability to influence another to do something they would not necessarily do on their own  Types of power o Positio
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