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PSCI 264 (18)
Lecture 3

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Department
Political Science
Course
PSCI 264
Professor
Oleg Kodolov
Semester
Fall

Description
Week 3 09/24/2013 Chapters 4­7; Rourke Chapters 5­7  Americans share a political ideal – set of basic assumptions about the nature of a good  society.  Political culture – collection of beliefs & values about the justification & operation of a country’s  government. • Unity and diversity go hand in hand here. o Shared political and governmental beliefs unite people; different range of people  immigrating from different countries with various ethnicities makes them diverse.  However, diversity is relative to time & place.   Blue laws – protestants calling for the prohibition of alcohol to restrict commerce on Sundays.  “Real Americans” perceived Italians, Greeks & other immigrants to be people of colour, threatening  their nation’s racial purity.  Red Scare – anti communist hysteria; religious bigotry.  Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 – ban on Asian immigration that was later expanded to include   the Japanese & other nationalities.  1930s – open door policy for US ended. No more open immigration.   Immigration Act of 1965 – abandoned the national quota system. Opened doors to the largest  surge of foreigners.   Proposition 187 in California – passed in 1994. Denied state services to illegal immigrants &  their children.  • Courts struck this down later.   The # of illegal/undocumented immigrants is unprecedented.   Some Americans see immigration as a culture threat • People with different religion, beliefs, ethnicity supposedly threatens American Unity. Alexis de Tocqueville • Classical liberalism – emerged in Europe. o Authority does not come from God. Comes from the Social Contract. It preserves individual  rights – life, liberty, and property. • Civic republicanism – competing with Classical liberalism. o Places more emphasis on virtue & the public good; less on individual freedom. o Modern advocates call it Communitarianism   Emphasizes that freedom comes not from individuals making the best choices for  themselves but rather from community members working together to make decisions  about the common good. • Week 3 09/24/2013  Fiscal Federalism – control of money. • Taxation. Who contributes to budget.  • Different types of grants: o Block   Give the money, identifying where it can be allocated. o Cate
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