Week 3 09/24/2013
Chapters 47; Rourke Chapters 57
Americans share a political ideal – set of basic assumptions about the nature of a good
Political culture – collection of beliefs & values about the justification & operation of a country’s
• Unity and diversity go hand in hand here.
o Shared political and governmental beliefs unite people; different range of people
immigrating from different countries with various ethnicities makes them diverse.
However, diversity is relative to time & place.
Blue laws – protestants calling for the prohibition of alcohol to restrict commerce on Sundays.
“Real Americans” perceived Italians, Greeks & other immigrants to be people of colour, threatening
their nation’s racial purity.
Red Scare – anti communist hysteria; religious bigotry.
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 – ban on Asian immigration that was later expanded to include
the Japanese & other nationalities.
1930s – open door policy for US ended. No more open immigration.
Immigration Act of 1965 – abandoned the national quota system. Opened doors to the largest
surge of foreigners.
Proposition 187 in California – passed in 1994. Denied state services to illegal immigrants &
• Courts struck this down later.
The # of illegal/undocumented immigrants is unprecedented.
Some Americans see immigration as a culture threat
• People with different religion, beliefs, ethnicity supposedly threatens American Unity.
Alexis de Tocqueville
• Classical liberalism – emerged in Europe.
o Authority does not come from God. Comes from the Social Contract. It preserves individual
rights – life, liberty, and property.
• Civic republicanism – competing with Classical liberalism.
o Places more emphasis on virtue & the public good; less on individual freedom.
o Modern advocates call it Communitarianism
Emphasizes that freedom comes not from individuals making the best choices for
themselves but rather from community members working together to make decisions
about the common good.
• Week 3 09/24/2013
Fiscal Federalism – control of money.
• Taxation. Who contributes to budget.
• Different types of grants:
Give the money, identifying where it can be allocated.