Ottomans and ataturk w fall of ottoman empire w rise of nationalism w rise of turkish nationalism: leader ataturk w modern day turkey. Ottoman empire: 1299- 1922 w starting in the 13th century, turkish (anatolia) forces under. Prince osman built an expansive empire w hungary, syria, iran , yemen, algeria, malta, to cyprus w much of the modern me under ottoman rule (till wwi) Ottoman stagnation and decline: starts1683 w wars w. russian, persians, austria-hungary w balkan territory lost w caucasus lost w attempts at reforms w tanzimat: public service reform w rise of nationalism throughout the empire. 15-05-05 w tanzimat: public service reform w rise of nationalism throughout the empire. 1800s: british, french, italian move in to north africa w 1882 the british took egypt, sudan and the small states of the. Persian gulf. w 1830 france would seize algeria and morocco. w 1911 italy took libya.