Class Notes (836,580)
Canada (509,856)
Psychology (2,075)
PSYCH 253 (142)

Conformity and Obedience

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Hilary B Bergsieker

Conformity and Obedience Conformity to Others - Definitions o Behaviour change due to  Real or imagined influence of others: conformity  Direct requests from another person: compliance  Commands of an authority figure: obedience - Why do we conform? - Informational influence o Conformity that occurs when we believe others’ interpretation of situation is more correct than ours o Others provide info for how to act o Motive: understanding - Normative influence o Conformity that occurs when we believe doing so will get others to like and accept us o Others convey implicit or explicit social norms o Motive: belonging - Autokinetic Effect Study (Sherif) o Participants in dark room shown a single point of light o Task: estimate distance that light moves o Difficult, ambiguous task o Static light appears to move (autokinetic effect) o Do task with other participants in same room - Line-Judgment Study (Asch) o Unambiguous, easy task:  Which of the 3 lines is same length as X?  Control participants for answer right 100% of time o Participants run with confederates  Practice trials: everyone agrees  3 trial: confederates choose obviously wrong line o What do participants do?  76% gave 1+ wrong answers  Only 24% never conformed o A larger group, to some extent, produces more conformity o People who conform find a challenge to their competence, wisdom, and sanity - Likelihood of Conformity - Informational influence o Most likely when  Situation is ambiguous  Situation is a crisis  Other people are experts - Normative influence o Most likely when  Group is important to you (strength)  Group is close to you in space and time (immediacy)  Group is large (number) - Depth of Conformity - Private Acceptance o Conforming to others’ behaviour, with genuine belief in what we say/do - Public Compliance o Conforming to others’ behaviour publicly, without necessarily believing what we say/do Experiment Social Influence Acceptance Autokinetic Effect Informational Private Line Judgment Normative Public Conformity in Context - Reactance Theory o We dislike having our freedom constrained (“reverse psychology”) o We react against limits by asserting our freedom o Reactance increases for threats:  To important behaviour  To many behaviours  That are powerful - Reactance: Resisting (Implied) Appeals o Participants recruited for impressions study
More Less

Related notes for PSYCH 253

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.