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Lecture 6

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School
University of Waterloo
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH 354
Professor
Daniel Nadolny
Semester
Fall

Description
Lecture 6 – Interdependence Equity theory - Fairness o What they are getting are in proportion and are fair o Different ratios, meaning that things are not in equity - Inequity causes distress o Putting in a lot of effort in comparison to their partner  under-benefit (opposite for over-benefit) - Evidence that equity matters o More likely to fall in love when they feel equal o When things are fair, equitable tends to create stability - Partners will take steps to restore equity o If you feel you contribute a lot more than you could do less o Can try to get your partner to change o Restore psychological equity  Can change our action or feelings by changing our perceptions - Rule for relationships o Parent-child  Most cases, parents tend to be more giving o Happy marriages  A lot more flexibility, not keeping track of equity - Communal vs. exchange relationships o Communal  Actually care about the other  Genuine care for the other  Benefits given without expecting anything o Exchange  Expect to get something out of it  Business type relationships - Families and money o If people intend to pay you back right away, makes it seem like business transaction, not so communal - Returning favours experiment o Attractive confederate either single and looking for friends or married and busy o If single, guys would think she may want a communal relationship o Another condition whether she provided help in exchange after being helped o When she helped right away knowing she was married, liked her more o When she didn’t help in return when single, liked her more - Need-tracking in relationship experiment o Woman holding either black or red pen o Different coloured pen will show how much you contributed and if used same coloured pen, then cannot keep track of contributions o In exchange relationship (single woman), chose to take different colour pen o In communal relationship (married), chose to take same coloured pen - Issues to consider o If we are dissatisfied, relationship starts slipping and starts to keep track of things Interdependence - Frequency o Frequency of time they interact - Strength o How much impact this has on partners - Diversity o Impact on many different domains - High scores on RCI o Greater distress because the relationship is so intertwined Investment model - Rusbult’s investment model o Rewards, costs, and comparison level leads to satisfaction with relationship o Satisfaction with relationship, level of investment in relationship and quality of alternatives to relationship combined predicts the commitment of our relationship - Types of investments o Tangible vs. intangible o Past vs. future o Past tangible, future intangible, and future tangible predicts commitment - Problem of attractive alternatives o When exposed to really attractive people, can influence our perceptions of our partners o Constant exposure to attractive alternatives change our comparison level of alternatives goes up - Applying the investment model o Battered women experi
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