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PSYCH101 Lecture Notes - Job Analysis, Transformational Leadership, Lillian Moller Gilbreth

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Stephanie Denison

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PSYCH 101: March 26th Lecture: Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Big Five Theory
Openness to experience
How Assess it?
o Rate themselves on 240 statements on a 5 point scale
o Each traits involve a group of aspects and don’t really relate to one another
o Example: strong agree/disagree:
Our ideas if right and wrong may not be right for everyone in the world
People should honor traditional values and not question them
Openness to experience trait
Predictive Value of Traits
Relationship to actual behaviors
o High on openness: liberal arts, change careers, musical
o Agreeableness: lend friends money, less likely to have alcoholism, happy
o Neuroticism: higher test stress level, higher divorce rates, depression
o Extraversion: leadership positions, less anxious, throw/attend parties
o Conscientiousness: higher grades, less drinking and smoking, healthy diets
Story of I/O’s Beginnings
Frank and Lillian Gilbreth: wrote book, cheaper by the dozen, very different from movie
o Motion study to study work and workers in their environment
o Ran their household like a corporation
o Most concerned with human beings and human effort
o Reduce effort and increase productivity people more efficient in work
o Film people doing work and found out most efficient way to do things
History of I/O Psychology
Recall Psychology arrived as a discipline in late 1800
Apply psychological theories and concepts to an organization to increase productivity
and relationships
Hugo Munsterberg: Psychology and Industrial Efficiency 1910, start of I/O
Test Movement: beginning in WW1
o Rapid response to assign soldiers to right roles
War creating lots of jobs, industrial base make people think of how to increase efficiency
in the workplace
Very good job prospects: only discipline you can find good related work and high salary:
human resources, consulting, government positions, public sector
Scope of I/O
Industrial side: looking at how to best match and individual to a certain role
o Personal psychology
o Involving in training employing, job performance standards, measuring job
performance, career counselling
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