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October 15th , Hypnosis introduction to hypnosis, different philosophers views

Course Code
Colin Mac Leod

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October 14th 2010
Franz Anton Mesmer;
->first developed hypnosis probably around 1777
animal magnetism
Hypnosis: a temporary state of heightened suggestibility, usually accompanied by
a trance-like state
Posthypnotic suggestion; a direction given by the hypnotist to the subject while
hypnotized that suggests s/he perform a certain behaviour once s/he has returne
d to normal consciousness and a cue is given
Posthypnotic amnesia; a suggestion to the subject that s/he will not remember th
e events during hypnosis afterward until a specific cue is given
Sigmund Freud
->Freud used hypnosis with some of his patients early on in the development of p
->came to mistrust hypnosis and stopped using it
->many people make up lies when asked about their hypnosis when undergoing a sec
ond hypnosis
there was a table and a chair
when in fact there was no table or chai
the Stanford Hypnotic Susceptibility Scale
->20% = highly hypnotizable
->hypnosis as an ability
->hypnotic induction
->does not provide a
way into memory
->past lives and other charlatanism (in it for the money)
->dissociation, attention, and the relief of pain
hidden observer
Sleep and Dreaming
->Consciousness; our awareness of ourselves and our environment
->closely related to attention
->exactly what Watson and behavourism wanted to get rid of because they thought
it could not be observed
->e.g, when you are typing, what are you conscious of (what you want to
say; the key pressing,
->circadian rhythm: the regular biological rhythms that occur on a roughly24-hou
r clock; the
biological clock
- alertness, temperature, hormones
->Sleep; periodoci, natural, reversible loss of consciouness
->May and Hasher (1997)- younger peoples cognition better later in the day; olde
r people
s earlier
Sigmun Freud
The Interpretation of Dreams (1900)
was his classic book on dream analysis
->he used drams to chart the
hidden workings
of the unconscious mind
->no body knows why one must sleep
->sleep is very important; seen in sleep deprived people, motor control isn
t as g
ood as usual, hand writing, accident prone
->brain will go into
(in and out of sleep patterns)
->more accidents even after 1 hour less sleep
Sleep Disorder
->Ansonia; inability to sleep, chronic (long), acute (short period of time)
-> use sleeping pills as directs, can make your sleep worse after using them
->Sleep Apnea, stop breathing while sleeping
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