Lecture Five Learning

31 views4 pages
Published on 16 Oct 2011
School
University of Waterloo
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH101
Professor
Lecture 5: Learning
Learning as Contiguity
- Associations
How we put things together in our mind.
o(i.e.: Chevy + girl example)
1. Pretty girl arousal
2. Chevy no arousal
3. Pretty girl + Chevy = arousal
4. Chevy arousal
John Locke; all learning is a consequence of this building associations.
oTabula rasa: children are born as blank slates, and experiences are written
onto them. Through these associations, the child learns about the things in
their world.
oi.e.: Mommy + milk association
Ivan Pavlov; a biologist, not a psychologist, but best known for his psychology
research. Received a Nobel Prize for his works with the digestive system.
oConducted experiments looking into a dog’s digestive system through a
window he surgically installed.
o“Psychic secretions” occurred as Pavlov called them, when the dogs were
starved and then shown food.
oClassical (Pavlovian) Conditioning: “Pavlov’s Dog”
1. food salivation
2. bell no salivation
3. bell + food = salivation
4. bell salivation
Existing Stimulus-Response
Behaviour
Unconditioned Stimulus
(food)
Neutral Stimulus (bell)
Unconditioned Response
(salivation)
No salivation
New Stimulus-Response
Behaviour
Neutral Stimulus (bell) +
Unconditioned Stimulus
(food)
Unconditioned Response
(salivation)
Behavioural Change Conditioned Stimulus (bell) Conditioned Response
(salivation)
Classical conditioning does not require conscious effort. It occurs naturally.
Learning is a relatively permanent acquisition of new behaviour as a result of
experience. Anything that can be learned can be unlearned as well.
oAcquisition: beginning to make the association between objects.
oExtinction: if the neutral and unconditioned stimuli aren’t paired together
for a protracted period of time, the new stimulus response weakens.
oGeneralization: any stimuli that we perceive as being similar to the
conditioned stimulus also acquires the ability to illicit the response.
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 4 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Through these associations, the child learns about the things in their world: i. e. : mommy + milk association research. 1. food salivation: bell no salivation, bell + food = salivation, bell salivation. Unconditioned response (salivation) (salivation: classical conditioning does not require conscious effort. It occurs naturally: learning is a relatively permanent acquisition of new behaviour as a result of experience. Watson devises a plan to later on make this professor"s life a living hell : he is hired to john hopkins"s university once he gets his phd (along the lines of his plan). The chair of the psychology dept. is dismissed due to a scandal concerning a grad student, and watson is given the position at age 29. He hires his old professor that failed him, but the professor gets sick, and watson"s revenge never occurs: watson was the father of the behavioralist movement; bringing. Little albert studies (1920"s); pavlov"s dog theory revisited using a child.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.