PSYCH101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Long-Term Memory, Guided Imagery, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

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14 Aug 2016
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Psychology Notes: Week 6: Cognitive Psychology I
Definitions:
Notes:
- Memory as information processing:
oStages and events of memory,
Different timings:
Sensory: the immediate, initial recording of sensory information in
the memory system. Registers incoming information, allows your
brain to capture for a fleeting moment a sea of faces (sensory
imput) --- we pay attention to and encode important stimuli
(encoding) --- have to pay attention to something for it to come to
short term memory; its only there for about 10 seconds or less... If
we want to keep it in our head we need to repeat it and rehearse,
this will be a relatively permanent and limitless storehouse (long
term memory)
Process of encoding, storage and retrieval… we can have problems when
we don’t remember things… the info may haven’t been encoded properly,
could’ve gotten lost in storage, or have problems retrieving it.
- Effortful Memory:
oWhen we are trying to learn and remember
How long do you retain information in short-term memory?
Short-term memory is limited not only in terms of length but how
much we can hold in there…
Basic rule is the short term memory can only hold seven plus or
minus two objects.
How long do you retain information in long-term memory?
We forget much of what we learn.
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oRecall, not recognition…
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