PSYCH101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Obsessive–Compulsive Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder

18 views10 pages
14 Aug 2016
Department
Course
Professor
PSYCH 101 CHAPTER 13 NOTES
Definitions:
-Medic Model: using our understanding of the medical condition to think about
psychological conditions.
-Bio-psycho-social model: the combination of biology, psychology and sociology to
consider a psychological condition.
-Abnormal psychology: study of mental illnesses.
-Maladaptive behavior: behavior that hinders a persons’ ability to function in work,
school, relationships or society.
-Etiology: origin or cause of the symptoms.
-Anxiety Disorder: a category of disorders involving fear, or nervousness that is excess,
irrational and maladaptive.
-Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): involves frequently elevated levels of anxiety
that aren’t directed at or limited to any particular situation. Just general.
-Panic Disorder: anxiety disorder marked by repeated episodes of sudden and very
intense fear.
-Agoraphobia: intense fear of having a panic attack or lower-level panic symptoms in
public.
-Social Anxiety Disorder: irrational fear of being observed, evaluated or embarrassed in
public.
-Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: characterized by unwanted, inappropriate, and
persistent thoughts (obsessions); and repetitive stereotyped behaviours (compulsions).
-Major Depression: is a disorder marked by prolonged periods of sadness, feelings of
worthlessness and hopelessness, social withdrawal and cognitive and physical
sluggishness.
-Bipolar Disorder: characterized by extreme highs and lows in mood, motivation, energy.
-Personality Disorder: particularly unusual patterns of behaviours for one’s culture that
are maladaptive, distressing to oneself or others and resistant to change,
-Borderline Personality Disorder: characterized by intense extremes between positive
and negative emotions, an unstable sense of self, impulsivity, and difficult social
relationships.
-Narcissistic Personality Disorder: characterized by an inflated sense of self-importance,
and an intense need for attention and admiration, as well as intense feeling of self-doubt
and fear of abandonment.
-Histrionic Personality Disorder: characterized by excessive attention seeking and
dramatic behaviour.
-Antisocial Personality Disorder: condition marked by habitual pattern of willingly
violated others’ personal rights, with very little sign of empathy or remorse.
-Comorbidity: the presence of two disorders simultaneously, or the presence of a second
disorder that affects the one being treated
-Dissociative Disorder: mental disorder characterized by a split between conscious
awareness of feeling, cognition, memory and identity.
-Dissociative Identity Disorder: when a person claims that his or her identity has split
into one or more alter personalities.
Notes:
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 10 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Textbook Notes:
-Medic Model: has a set of symptoms, probable causes and likely outcome. Also have
preventative measures, interventions, and treatments targeted towards psychological
disorders.
-Bio-psycho-social model: rarely traced to a single cause so it helps us to create a
comprehensive understanding of psychological disorders in three different fields.
-Maladaptive behaviour: the behaviour must follow the 3 main criteria:
oCauses distress to self or others,
oImpairs the ability to function in day-to-day activities,
oIncreases the risk of injury, death, legal problems or punishment for breaking
rules or other detrimental consequences.
-Diagnosing psychological disorders:
oDiagnostic and statistical manual for mental disorders (DSM-IV), establishes
criteria for the diagnosis of mental disorders.
For each disorder in the DSM-IV, the guidelines convey 3 important
pieces of information:
A set of symptoms;
Origin or cause of symptoms
How systems will persist or change over time, with or without
professional treatment.
Divided in 5 axes, which are divided into numerous subtypes.
In cases of suspected PTSD, the information helps psychologists
decide whether they should be diagnosed with this disorder, a
different one or none at all.
Deals with the physical, mental and social functioning of an
individual.
Has its limitations:
Mental health professionals don’t unanimously agree on how to
classify many disorders, and dispute often arise over whether some
conditioned should be included or excluded from the manual.
Disorders covered in the DSM-IV primarily based on observations
of clients or patients rather than a more objective marker of mental
disorder such as genes, neurotransmitters or brain abnormality.
oLeaves room for subjectivity.
Axis 1: Clinical Disorders: other conditions that may be a focus of clinical
attention:
Usually first diagnosed in infancy, childhood or adolescence.
Includes what most people think of traditional psychiatric disorders
and behavioural problems.
Mood, anxiety disorders,
Substance abuse.
Axis 2: Personality Disorder: mental retardation.
Persistent patterns of maladaptive behaviours that are disturbing
and difficult to deal with…
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 10 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Individuals with personality disorders may be unusually self-
centred, immune to others feelings or in need of excessive
attention?
Axis 3: General Medical Conditions:
A physician might provide information about medical conditions
that a mental health worker should consider.
Axis 4: Psychosocial and environmental problems:
Individuals who experience problems in their immediate
environment or social circles.
Can create difficulties that mimic psychological symptoms,
Complaints arising from psychosocial problems don’t necessarily
constitute enough evidence to diagnose an axis 1 disorder,
Axis 5: Global Assessment of Functioning Scale (GAF):
Assesses overall psychological, interpersonal, and work related
functioning of a scale from 100 – 0 (very high level severely
impaired functioning)
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 10 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class