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PSYCH211 Lecture Notes - Teddy Bear

Course Code
Chris Burris

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Two senses of “PRETEND”
Three things happen in pretend play
o Object substitution
o Imaginary object
o Pretend properties
o If you know very little (children), you should focus on acquiring information. Instead of
learning how to tie shoes, children will pretend that the shoe is a teddy bear
o Avoid mis-learning. Parents pretend with their children which causes mis-learning.
o Sophisticated double ‘Knowledge’ dual representation (the chicken-serial, rock-sponge
and snoopy studies children all have difficulties)
Then they will just pretend instead
o Pretense starts at 18-24 months (sensorimotor sub-stage 6)
o He called it (pretend play) symbolic play
o Why?
o Basic theory: assimilation-gone-wild
Early research in production
- Children are very good at pretending that an egg is a cup
Imitation Studies
e.g.: Experimenter demonstrates putting doll to bed
Asks child to do same, but with..
Child sleeping
Doll sleeping (passive if the kid only acts in a doll vs. active acting like the doll is alive)
Block sleeping
A paint brush dipped in to orange color and painted into a hoarse
Children were asked how does the hoarse look like me?
(2 y/o) Children pass the test. They can recognize.
More recognition tasks:
See slide!!! The cup being drank and empty
15 month olds pass the test
Recogntiiona nd Violation of expectation SEE SLIDES!!!!
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