What the authors did, what they found. How does the boy in the middle of picture feel? (he looks happy, others around him look angry) Crazy asian mother by erick liang video clip reading report card, got as in everything except b+ in english, punishment time-out is for white people, they use knock-out . Asians tend to believe in incremental theory. Failure as lack of effort boy didn"t try hard enough; didn"t live up to expectations. Focus on negative aspects to improve performance (as cannot be improved, still room for improvement with a. Individualistic cultures define themselves using personal characteristics ( i am honest ) Interdependant cultures define themselves using role and membership ( i am a younger brother ) Kenyan sample nairobi undergrad (most westernized of kenyan sample), workers in nairobi, traditional tribes of masai and samburu. Internal attributions (ex. abilities, personality) are salient they tend to describe themselves in terms of internal attributes.