Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (630,000)
UW (20,000)
PSYCH (2,000)
PSYCH257 (100)
Lecture

PSYCH257 Lecture Notes - Word Salad, Schizotypal Personality Disorder, Delusional Disorder


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH257
Professor
Allison Kelly

This preview shows pages 1-2. to view the full 7 pages of the document.
SCHIZOPHRENIA & PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS
Today’s Questions
1. How are auditory hallucinations different from the “voices” we all hear in our
heads?
2. Can delusions be adaptive and helpful in some way?
3. What is the best possible outcome for someone with schizophrenia?
Outline
1. The nature of schizophrenia and psychotic disorders
2. Causes of schizophrenia and psychotic disorders
3. Treatments and outcomes
THE NATURE OF SCHIZOPHRENIA AND PSYCHOTIC
DISORDERS
a) Overview
b) Symptoms
c) Diagnostic groups
Overview of Schizophrenia
Broad spectrum of cognitive, emotional, and behavioural dysfunctions
Different classes of symptoms
o Positive
o Negative
o Disorganized
Different subtypes
Symptoms of Schizophrenia
Positive Symptoms
Active manifestations of abnormal behaviour, or an excess or distortion of
normal behaviour
o Delusions
o Hallucinations
Delusions
Gross misrepresentations of reality
Various types
o
Bizarre
o
Non-bizarre

Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Types of Delusions
Of guilt or sin (usually bizarre)
Somatic (bizarre or non)
o Belief that ones body or appearance is altered
Persecutory (bizarre or non)
o Belief that your being watched and conspired against
Of reference (usually bizarre)
o Belief that random events are directed at oneself meant for oneself
Grandiose (bizarre or non)
o Believing that you have great power something you were meant to do
on this world
Of being controlled (usually bizarre)
o People feeling that they have been micro chipped
Hallucinations
Experience of sensory events without input from surrounding environment
Auditory
o Feel like they’re hearing voices
Visual
Tactile: touch
Somatic: in body
Olfactory: smelling
Negative Symptoms
Absence or insufficiency of normal behaviour
o Avolition: absence of motivation or to start behaviours
Often with everyday things
o Alogia: Relative absence of speech
o Anhedonia: Absence of pleasure or general interest in pleasurable
activities
o Affective flattening: People showing subdued emotions not reacting in
correct way
o Asociality: Deficit in motivation to form relationships = poor social skills
Disorganized Symptoms
Erratic behaviours that affect speech, motor behaviour, and emotions
o Inappropriate affect: Laughing or crying when not appropriate
o Disorganized behaviour: dressing strangely, inappropriate sexual activity
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version