PSYCH257 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Differential Diagnosis, Psychopathology, Dsm-5

56 views5 pages
28 Jul 2016
Department
Course
Professor
Outline
1. classification of psychological disorders
2. diagnostic and statistical manual (DSM) approach to classification
3. clinical assessment
1.
Classification of Psychological Disorders
a) classification pros and cons
b) categorical approaches
c) dimensional approaches
a) Classification – PROS
- taxonomy; grouping things = better understanding
- nomenclature; helps identify for other people; no misinterpretations
- treatment and insurance
- research and grants
- social/political
a) Classification - CONS
- labeling
- stereotyping
- stigma
Categorical vs Dimensional Classification
Yes or no VS spectrum/continuum
Categorical Approach
What are the pros?
- ease of communication
- vivid & succinct
- clinical decisions are often categorical
- easy research participant classification
- fits with medical model approach
(ie. Ease of administration, insurance coding, etc)
What are the cons?
- unique pathological causes?
- Heterogeneity issues
- Loss of important clinical information
- Implications for prevalence rates
- Boundary disputes
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 5 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
c) Dimensional Approach
What are the pros?
- diagnostic reliability & stability over time
- eliminate boundary disputes & comorbidity
- gather more patient information
- may benefit therapy (eg. Less specialized)
What are the cons?
- still requires cut-off points
- lack of agreement on dimensions; which ones, how many?
- Retraining clinicians, disrupting research
- More time/effort/cost?
Summary
- classification pros and cons
- categorical approaches
- dimensional approaches
2. The DSM
a) DSM approach to classification
b) multi-axial model
c) DSM-5
a) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)
prototypical approach
- essential characteristics and non-essential variations
About the DSM
- main classification system of adult and child mental illness
- also International Classification of Diseases (ICD)
-Broad categories w/ specific disorders
- symptom descriptions
- differential diagnosis
- non-theoretical
- Statistics
- Professionals who can Diagnose
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 5 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class