9: other areas are referred to as association areas because they combine the processes of the primary areas, brodmann"s map, 20th century german neurologist who looked specifically at the nature of brain cells and how they were organized. Cytoarchitechtonics: different areas had different cellular architecture and slightly different connections, came up with the bordmann"s areas (have a general knowledge) 4: area 17 is the primary visual cortex, primary motor cortex is area 4, primary somatosensory cortex is in areas 1,2, and 3, primary auditory cortex are in areas 41 and 42. Fix these personality traits by taking an ice pick to cut the connections to the frontal lobe: some of these individuals started to show emotional dysregulation. Might have lost control of some of their bodily functions. Memory problems, self control problems: maybe 40 000 of these were done. Popular in america in the 1940s and 50s. Responsible for integrating sensory information from multiple modalities.