PSYCH355 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Abortion-Rights Movements
SchoolUniversity of Waterloo
ProfessorHilary B Bergsieker
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CULTURAL DIVERSITY IN VALUES
Hard to get people with dierent values/priorities to work
together eectively ie. Religion, political views
Supercial vs. Psychological Diversity
Supercial denition of culture: dierent cuisine “foods and
Clash book: Cultural con%icts are self denitional, how we
Can you be a self by yourself
An independent view of self: self is separate from others. Own
rights, responsibilities. Maintain self distinctiveness.
One is better than the other [indivudalistic vs collective]
Australia is most individualistic, then US, then Canada
Self in Action: Models of agency
Denition of a good person and how a good person should act
Messages exist in many contexts, are %exible ie. In marriage
therapy in states, they’d emphasize collectivism/interdepednet
Disjoint model of agency
Lone individual. Doing own thing. Good actions depend on
individual’s perspective on whats good.
Agency is action
Conjoint model of agency
Actions depend on what others want you to do. Shared goals
Describing hurricane Katrina survirors
STUDY: Interviewing people who stayed during hurricane and
%ed. Cultural dierence between 2 grps. People who left used
disjoint model of agency.
First repsonders believed people who stayed were negative,
helpless, lazy, passive and didn’t understand that they were
being loyal to those who couldn’t leave, had faith in god.
Disjoint model in western society rewards these disjoint model
Culture Social Class and Conformity
Study: confederate either says “oh is this a psych study, can I do
this too?” and picks either same or dierent pen as p. people
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