Class Notes (834,633)
Canada (508,661)
REC 100 (101)
Lecture 3

Rec 100: Lecture 3 - The Importance of Time Complete Notes

8 Pages
123 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Recreation and Leisure Studies
Course
REC 100
Professor
Diana Parry
Semester
Fall

Description
Fall 2011 Brandon Yee The Importance of Time Recreation and Leisure Studies 100 September 22, 2011 The Debate about Time Is free time increasing or decreasing? Confusing and mixed results  Results are mixed (some have a lot of free time/leisure compared to others) Time is a difficult concept to measure – different measurement techniques  Measure time by recall o Asking people to recall (how much time did you spend watching TV, sleeping, working)  Time diaries o Researches give participants a little diary to record their time/activity throughout the day  Direct observation o Researches follow people around and researchers observe how much time they spend in certain activities (instead of the people recording themselves)  Experiential sampling method o Give participants beepers/watches for them to wear and occasionally throughout the day, researcher will beep them and ask them to record what they are doing at that moment  The LEAST ACCURATE way to measure is recall b/c people tend to overestimate the amount of time they spend working and underestimate the amount of time they spend sleeping Time one of our most precious commodities What bothers Canadians the most? (MacLean’s 2006 Poll) Our health – 37% Lack of money – 39% Lack of time – 47% (74% Canadians less time than 5 years ago) Technical advances provided more goods, but not more time  Time is people’s biggest concern (new technologies make life easier, but do not give us more time) 1 Fall 2011 Brandon Yee Pace of life keeps speeding up - people often feel rushed Cats over dogs; ready-to-drink over frozen; Starbucks’ Via over grinding and brewing Concept of “Scarcity of Time” developed What is the source of the problem?  WORK Average Canadian works hours/week 69% say they are in early or leave late to keep up with their workload 79% of young and successful agree family and friends resent hours they work  The Mobile Workforce  Technology brings the office with you  North Americans working during “off hours”: o Before commuting: 44.3% o During lunch: 45.2% o After commuting home: 32.6% o After children go to sleep: 18.8% o In the middle of the night: 8.3% o While waiting for appointments, etc.: 22.7% o On vacations: 90%  (above) is mainly for adult workers The Overworked American (Schor)  Her research is based on recall methods (controversial)  It’s the pace of work that people have trouble keeping up with, as opposed to the hours of work  US has become the longest working nation in the advanced industrial world Working 163 more hours per year compared to a few decades ago Why? Increased consumption  People want to live in bigger houses, upgrade kitchen, drive a better car, etc.  We have the need to consume more 2 Fall 2011 Brandon Yee Her work is based on recall method Critics state that people think they are working longer hours because of the pace of the work The Overworked Canadian? (Duxbury) 1991 12% working 50+ hours 2007 26% working 50+ hours “Canada is a world leader in work intensification”  In the past, Julia Schor said US was the leader, Duxbury says Canada is becoming that  “Canadian workers neglect to take the equivalent of 41 million vacation days a year that they’re owed” Comparisons in Available Free Time Gender - men have more leisure time  Men are in paid employment more than women Age - U-shaped (18-24 and 55-64 have more free time) Education - irregular and minimal Income - higher income = less free time Time Deepening Speed up a given activity  Ex. only reading certain parts of the newspaper, etc. Substitute an activity that can be done more quickly for one that takes longer  Ex. buying fast food instead of making your own food Doing more than one activity at once  Multitasking  Ex. watching TV and cooking at the same time, talking and working at the same time, etc. 3 Fall 2011 Brandon Yee Advantages and Disadvantages of Time Deepening Advantage = time efficiency Disadvantage = stress We assume the need to rush, consume, and stay perpetually busy - in all aspects of our life (work and leisure)  People report not only feeling rushed in their work lives, but also in their leisure time  We consume more and have more options, which causes stress and feeling rushed 60% of high income Canadians (anyone making more than $80,000) and 47% of low income Canadians (anyone making less than $30,000) report feeling rushed every day of the week, including Saturday and Sunday View Time as a Commodity “Doing it all” and “seeing it all” Life is a checklist (“been there, done that”) Efficiency is our mode and efficiency is not a friend of leisure  Leisure used to be seen as just a passage of time; now, more report to “invest” in their leisure time Tempo vs. Duration Difference in time use between weekdays and weekends is decreasing Blurring of weekends and weekdays due to flexible work schedules  People don’t work strictly from 9-5 and come home and have free time; now people take work home, h
More Less

Related notes for REC 100

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit