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Recreation and Leisure Studies
REC 100
Diana Parry

Work and Leisure: Recreation and Leisure Studies • Objective: Interrelationship between work and leisure and how they im- pact our quality of life  Work and Leisure: Overview 1. Defining work 2. Relationship between work and leisure (early theories) 3. Relationship between work and leisure (contemporary ideas) 4. Exploring the new ‘dominance’ of work 5. Work-life balance 6. Importance of job satisfaction  What is Work?  Concept varies according to a variety of demographic, situational, and life-cycle factors •Age •Gender •Socio-Economic Status Geographic Location • •Life cycle ( Where are you at?)  Often involves obligatory time, paid or unpaid •Looking for Work •Caregiving work (unpaid) •Housework  Broadly defined as “employment activities undertaken by an indi- vidual for financial compensation” (Hilbrecht, 2007, p. 83)  Relationship between Work and Leisure (Ear- ly theories) Early theories: Spillover Theory  Fusion of work and leisure  Utilize same skills and abilities in work and leisure  We are attracted to certain conditions in work and attracted to similar things in our leisure  Characteristics, qualities, and attitudes towards tasks performed at work reflected in leisure choices Early theories: Compensation Theory  Work and leisure are opposites  Leisure is used to compensate for needs unfilled by work  Work seen as the dominate force Early theories: Neutrality Theory  Work and leisure are unrelated  What happens in one domain is not connected to what happens in the oth- er  We compartmentalize our work and leisure experiences  Contemporary Ideas Regarding the Relationship between Work and Leisure  Leisure as a replacement for work Work as the new leisure  Challenges the notion that work offers unique satisfactions that no other activity can provide: work is not the only domain, we can seek out other op- portunities.  The need for social networks, recognition, and accomplishment can be met through leisure Through leisure people can fulfill their human potential  Serious leisure -Time, energy and money -need for accomplishment -sense of identity -gain all of these things through our leisure  Leisure and the transition to retirement -People who have a good leisure, transition more easily into retire- ment Contemporary Ideas: Work as the New Leisure  Work is becoming increasingly interesting, absorbing, and challeng- ing  Work is what people choose to spend their time on and enjoy doing  Boundaries between work and leisure are becoming blurred -This is fueled by technological changes Contemporary Ideas: “Weisure”  Work activities and social spaces more ambiguous  “Weisure” is the next step in work-life culture  How did this happen?  More work, less play: • As people climb the corporate ladder more and more more work they have less leisure. • He is arguing they are bringing play into their work lives. • They save time, by combining both, for example in a pleasurable environment.  “The Creative Class” (Dalton Conley) Are people who’s work is based on ideas • • People who get more enjoyment • Based on Technology aswell  Social networking sites • Through Facebook, Youtube, Twitter Many people are “friends” and business colleagues • • Reaching out and engaging with colleagues TECHNOLOGY IS KEY! This begs the question….  How can we explain this new ‘dominance’ of paid employment in people’s lives?  Two arguments…  Personal choice  Organizational culture  One Argument: Dominance of Work Result of Personal Choice  Explained by the satisfying nature of work  Personal identity is tied close to occupational identity -who we are is tied to our work  People who are self-driven achieve intense satisfaction from total involve- ment in work  Leisure Sickness….  People develop symptoms of sickness during weekends and/ or va- cations (Vingerhoets, Huijgevoort & Van Heck , 2002)  Time spent in rest and relaxation is associated with guilt and stress  Symptoms are headaches, fatigue, muscular pain, and nausea We see this in patients who: -people who are unable to adapt to a non-working environment -people with a high need of achievement -A high degree of responsibility -A high degree of respect for others in there organizations  An
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