Feminism is an ideology that looks for gender inclusiveness and gender neutrality of
rights for all races and classes. There are 3 waves of feminism:
1 wave (18481918) ▯The first wave started with the Seneca Falls convention during the
suffrage women which is where women got together and decided fight for the right for
women to vote, as well as inclusion into public life and right to own property. In 1918,
most women (except for aboriginal women) finally got the federal vote. These feminists’
falls into the category of Liberal Feminists.
2 wave (19631980) ▯the second wave stemmed from Betty Friedan, who wrote “The
Feminine Mystique”. She started out as a housewife who was diagnosed with ‘Housewife
Fatigue’ simply because she was bored with staying at home. She soon discovered that
other women felt the same way and so she promoted paid employment for all women.
These feminists’ also falls into the Liberal Feminists category, and focuses on equality to
men, women’s access to institutions and having the state improve conditions for women.
3 wave (1989present) ▯This movement started with the Montreal Massacre where 14
women in an engineering class where murdered because they were doing ‘men’s’ work
and stealing employment from men. This movement speaks for everyone and allows all
voices from different races to be heard. It is a DIY movement with pamphlets, blogs,
zines and reclaiming language (in order to make words lose it’s weigh and meaning).
Sex ▯the biological criterion to signify men and women (chromosomes, hormones, and
reproductive sex organs), whereas
Gender ▯is the behaviours/activities involving with being a man or a woman (men who
lives as women, etc.). ‘Doing Gender’ means that we perform gender through