SOC 229 Lecture 5: SOC Force and Fear ch 4

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SOC Reading
Force + Fear - CH 4
Modus Operandi - MO
- most robbers don't change their MO
Mo of Muggings
-robbery in a public place
-direct violence, emotional trauma and injury to the victim
-break down of social order and limits ones freedom
-sometimes approach victims in a nonthreatening way
-for the situation to go as planned, the mugger needs to define the situation for the victim
-violence = way to control the victim or when the victim resists
-victim and robber cant predict each others actions = likelihood of tragic consequences
-victim = unlikely to resist and probably has a lot of money
-young and unskilled people are muggers
MO of Convenience Store Robberies
-easy access, escape routes and late hours
-lots of cash
-easily escape and how easy is it to control victims
-the more vulnerable the store, understaffed ect, the more it will attract an armed robber
Approaching the Target
-gunmen/crews who go in commando and attack directly wear masks usually
-once you approach the doors, theres a point of finality and you lose the tentativeness
previously experienced
-after a few successes, robbers are no longer terrified by the experience
-“walk in entry” - robber poses as a customer
-decision to rob is still tentative
-need to check out the circumstances
-note to bank teller - crime is only known between the teller and robber
-robbers appearance attracts little attention
-robber waits in line, approaches, demands and leaves calmly
- cant wear a disguise if you pose as a customer
To Use a Weapon
-all a robber needs to control a situation is a threat of violence, or a weapon
-most common = a gun and then a knife
-main motive of weapon is simple control not violence
-may use whatever weapon they can find
Solo or as a Team
- solo - no team mate, don't have to split rewards, no potential informant
-gains are equally shared
-if one is arrested, not supposed to rat out others (arrest of one usually leads to arrest of all)
-the group is a loose relationship (transient)
-concept of fate
-can leave group or sit out at any time
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Document Summary

Direct violence, emotional trauma and injury to the victim. Break down of social order and limits ones freedom. Sometimes approach victims in a nonthreatening way. For the situation to go as planned, the mugger needs to de ne the situation for the victim. Violence = way to control the victim or when the victim resists. Victim and robber cant predict each others actions = likelihood of tragic consequences. Victim = unlikely to resist and probably has a lot of money. Easy access, escape routes and late hours. Easily escape and how easy is it to control victims. The more vulnerable the store, understaffed ect, the more it will attract an armed robber. Gunmen/crews who go in commando and attack directly wear masks usually. Once you approach the doors, theres a point of nality and you lose the tentativeness previously experienced. After a few successes, robbers are no longer terri ed by the experience.

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