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Lecture 8

SOCWK301R Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Universal Design, Social Constructionism, AbleismPremium

2 pages55 viewsSpring 2017

Social Work (Social Development Studies)
Course Code
Arshi Shaikh

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SOCWK 301 - Lecture 8 - Disability
Defining Disability
covers impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions
person’s ability/disability at any given point in time is dependent on their age, stage of
life ind. experiences, ecological conditions, even time of the day
Why It is Important to Study Disability Issues
our norms give rise to ableism (discrimination and ill-treatment towards people who do
not meet norms of “ability”, “beauty”, or perfection”)
adults with disabilities face significant barriers in securing employment and fulfilling
social lives
People with Disabilities in Canada
3.8 million people/13.7% of Canadians aged 15 and older = reported being limited in
their daily activities bc of a disability
increases steadily with age, women reported higher prevalence than in men
youngest age group (15-24) = mental/psychological, learning disabilities and pain
45-64 = most common types were pain, flexibility and mobility
seniors = pain, mobility, flexibility issues
Impact of Disabilities on Families
had to sacrifice personal needs, reset priorities, reorganize lives while maintaining
productive and professional lives
Perspectives on Disabilities
biomedical perspective: disability impairment found with body/mind due to health
- limitation: locates cause of disability, giving rise to notions of a
defective/abnormal person
functional limitations perspective: impairment or functional limitations of mind or body are
direct result of disability, has to made on basis of social and environmental criteria
social constructionist perspective: disability and ability are social construction
socio-economic perspective: emphasizes inclusion of people with disabilities in the
legal rights perspective: primary concerns centres upon rights to full participation, equity,
and non-discrimination for people with disabilities
social inclusion perspective: states that persons with disabilities should be seen as who
they really are, looking at them as regular people
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