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Lecture 9

ANTH 100A – Lecture 9 (October 7, 2013) Dr. Charles Menzies.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTH 100
Professor
Charles Menzies
Semester
Fall

Description
ANTH 100A – Lecture 9 (October 7, 2013) Dr. Charles Menzies Agenda • Economic Activity and Making a Living • Making a Living at Sea and Ashore ◦ Material culture ◦ Gender Making a Living • economic anthropology ◦ debates issues of human natures that relates directly to decisions of making a living and providing for ourselves; focus on process of making a livelihood ◦ economy isn't necessarily strictly related to money; looking at cultural processes for providing for material needs • economy: 2 basic approaches ◦ economy as a maximizing utility ▪ can look at economy from idea of how to maximize benefit ▪ premise that there is scarcity of goods ▪ economic process drives people to maximize benefits; make assumption hat just because we do this, everyone does, but economies are culturally specific, so maybe not necessarily true ◦ economy as culturally specific ▪ given underlying mode of production of society; social institutions (stable culture practices) are linked to cultural patterns that constrain or enable mode of production ▪ wealth is culturally derived; for capitalist to work, kinship is not effective as people have to be individual, only relationships that count are contractual • economic activity: ◦ production - making product ▪ driving force behind economic activity ▪ labour is always social - links human social groups to material world; energy/force that transforms the world around us ▪ modes of production consist of: means of production - includes tools, technology, and knowledge to produce something relations of production - ways in which labour power deployed is organized; social groups; organized through kinship, religion, through cash arrangement ▪ 3 modes of production kin-ordered tributary capitalist ▪ modes of production have as much to do with forms of social and political organization as with material productive activities the way in which people organize themselves creates field within which we can act ANTH 100A – Lecture 9 (October 7, 2013) Dr. Charles Menzies ◦ distribution - how goods are distributed ▪ when you have product differentiation, you create a market for product, especially in other places because people want dif
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