CNPS 363 Lecture Notes - Baby Boomers, Employment Counsellor, Career Counseling

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Published on 16 Apr 2013
School
UBC
Department
Counselling Psychology
Course
CNPS 363
CNPS 363 Lecture 2
Frank Parsons (1854-1908)
- 1909: “Choosing a Vocation
- First “architect” of the vocational counseling process; father of the vocational guidance
movement
- Tackled issues such as:
o Effective matching of persons and jobs
o Educational and social reform
o Human dignity and the right to choose
- All about human dignity, free will, right to choose a career
- Coined the termvocational guidance: early term for career counseling
o Saw as a one-on-one process
- Compiled statistics about gender-job distributions
- Developed techniques to help school children, adolescent school leavers, & adults come
to true reasoning about jobs available to them (e.g., client self study)
- “Find your fit, and don’t quit.” Frank Parsons
Parsons’ 3-step process for career counseling
- 1. Understanding of yourself, aptitudes, abilities, and other qualities
- 2. A knowledge of the requirements & conditions of success, advantages &
disadvantages, prospects in different lines of work
- 3. True reasoning on the relationship of these two groups of facts
Parsons building on his work over the last 100 years
- Identifying and measuring individual differences
- Documenting differences in occupational content and activity
- Clarifying the elements of career decision-making
- Researching the different perspectives and needs of women, the needs of persons in
ethnic and minority groups for career guidance
- Recipients of career or vocational guidance have become more diverse, both in terms of
groups presented and in terms of the range of issues they present
Career counseling then & now
- Traditional goal: helping the client find the job that fits for them
- Now goal: help client assess range of possible job choices (with advantage and
disadvantage)
- Traditional client: generally adolescent/young adult, transition from school to work
- Now client: adults of all ages also come for career counseling, even if already in career
- Traditionally
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Document Summary

First architect of the vocational counseling process; father of the vocational guidance movement. Tackled issues such as: effective matching of persons and jobs, educational and social reform, human dignity and the right to choose. All about human dignity, free will, right to choose a career. Coined the term vocational guidance : early term for career counseling: saw as a one-on-one process. Developed techniques to help school children, adolescent school leavers, & adults come to true reasoning about jobs available to them (e. g. , client self study) Find your fit, and don"t quit. frank parsons. Parsons building on his work over the last 100 years. Documenting differences in occupational content and activity. Researching the different perspectives and needs of women, the needs of persons in ethnic and minority groups for career guidance. Recipients of career or vocational guidance have become more diverse, both in terms of groups presented and in terms of the range of issues they present.

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