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Lecture 3

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Department
History
Course
HIST 103
Professor
Jeffrey Byrne
Semester
Winter

Description
Nurul Hanisah Kamarul Zaman Week 3 18499129 The United States and the Korean War In 1949, the Communist movement in China succeeded in the struggle for political power. In 1950, the revolutionary movement in Philippine called the Huks also experienced the same fate (Hunt). In similarity, both of these movements demonstrated the rising movement led by the peasants and its progress was spreading throughoutAsia. The United States’participation during the Korean War is arguably an ideological-driven attempt to contain the mushrooming of these revolutionary movements inAsia and also an attempt to uphold theAmerican hubris. Hunt mentioned that the successes of revolutionary movements such as in Vietnam and China signaled the limit of the US military force and despite priding themselves as being better than the Western European, they were seen by the revolutionaries as just another Western imperialist aiming to extend its influence inAsia (Hunt). These challenges have possibly influenced the way the United States managed its influence in theAsian region. Hence, its participation during the Korean War in 1950 can be interpreted as not an act of altruism, but more of an act intended to uphold its American hubris. There is also a possibility that the United States was motivated by the battle of the ideologies between the Capitalists and the Communists. This is largely motivated by the victory enjoyed by the Communist in China and Vietnam which was not something that Stalin had expected. His skepticism in the possibility of Communism to thrive inAsia can be seen during his meeting with North Korea’s leader at that time, Kim Il-Sung. Nonetheless, Stalin’s opinion differed when the Soviet Union supported the North Korea invasion due to the belief that by supporting North Korea, he would be able to strengthen the Communist influence, rectify the social, economic and political situation in South Korea, to defend the Communist Nurul Hanisah Kamarul Zaman Week 3 18499129 movement from the formation of NATO and to offend South Korea before being offended by them (Stalin Meets Kim Il-Sung). Excerpt on Why Stalin Supported North Korea invasion - Reason 1: the strengthening of the socialist camp in the East - Reason 2: America’s inability to rectify the social, economic and political situation in South Korea - Reason 3: Dangerous behavior of the US that appears to undermine Soviet’s army strength  formation of NATO was intimidating S - Reason 4: preemptive attack. Before the South attack the North, better they launch the attack first 1) What impact did the Chinese Revolution and the Korean War have on the Cold War? 2) Why did the United States commit itself to the war in Korea? - possibly because Communism began to thrive in China? 3) After NSC-68, was the United States still committed to containment of communism? [Reading #1] Stalin Meets Kim Il-Sung - perhaps can talk about the direction of the Cold War? > Kim Il-Sung was trying to
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