Nurul Hanisah Kamarul Zaman Week 3
The United States and the Korean War
In 1949, the Communist movement in China succeeded in the struggle for political power.
In 1950, the revolutionary movement in Philippine called the Huks also experienced the same
fate (Hunt). In similarity, both of these movements demonstrated the rising movement led by
the peasants and its progress was spreading throughoutAsia. The United States’participation
during the Korean War is arguably an ideological-driven attempt to contain the mushrooming
of these revolutionary movements inAsia and also an attempt to uphold theAmerican hubris.
Hunt mentioned that the successes of revolutionary movements such as in Vietnam and
China signaled the limit of the US military force and despite priding themselves as being
better than the Western European, they were seen by the revolutionaries as just another
Western imperialist aiming to extend its influence inAsia (Hunt). These challenges have
possibly influenced the way the United States managed its influence in theAsian region.
Hence, its participation during the Korean War in 1950 can be interpreted as not an act of
altruism, but more of an act intended to uphold its American hubris.
There is also a possibility that the United States was motivated by the battle of the
ideologies between the Capitalists and the Communists. This is largely motivated by the
victory enjoyed by the Communist in China and Vietnam which was not something that Stalin
had expected. His skepticism in the possibility of Communism to thrive inAsia can be seen
during his meeting with North Korea’s leader at that time, Kim Il-Sung. Nonetheless, Stalin’s
opinion differed when the Soviet Union supported the North Korea invasion due to the belief
that by supporting North Korea, he would be able to strengthen the Communist influence,
rectify the social, economic and political situation in South Korea, to defend the Communist Nurul Hanisah Kamarul Zaman Week 3
movement from the formation of NATO and to offend South Korea before being offended by
them (Stalin Meets Kim Il-Sung).
Excerpt on Why Stalin Supported North Korea invasion
- Reason 1: the strengthening of the socialist camp in the East
- Reason 2: America’s inability to rectify the social, economic and political situation in
- Reason 3: Dangerous behavior of the US that appears to undermine Soviet’s army
strength formation of NATO was intimidating S
- Reason 4: preemptive attack. Before the South attack the North, better they launch the
1) What impact did the Chinese Revolution and the Korean War have on the Cold War?
2) Why did the United States commit itself to the war in Korea?
- possibly because Communism began to thrive in China?
3) After NSC-68, was the United States still committed to containment of communism?
Stalin Meets Kim Il-Sung
- perhaps can talk about the direction of the Cold War?
> Kim Il-Sung was trying to