PHIL 102 Lecture Notes - Martha Nussbaum, Amartya Sen, Capability Approach

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Published on 12 Apr 2013
School
UBC
Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 102
can skip section 9 of reading
first draft of assignment isn’t being marked, just getting feedback
!-some can be in point form, etc
1. another approach to justice?
2. functionings and capabilities
Amartya Sen: capabilities approach (approach, not theory)
Martha Nussbaum
-is an alternative to Rawl’s as well as all other approaches
-draws from ancient greece
Rawls: S is just iff its basic social structure complies with P1 & P2 (difference principle)
-the basic social structure is the distribution of primary goods
!-primary goods are what every person has reason to want
!!-natural goods (eg. intelligence, strength, sense of humour, charming)
!!-social goods (liberties, social basis of self-respect, income/wealth)
P1=liberties
P2a.=social basis of self-respect, opportunity
P2b.=income/wealth
-income is instrumental
!-is a means to an end; we want money only for the things that we can buy
-income is a good metric for the ends that are primary goods
Sen thinks that there is more diversity in the primary goods than Rawl allows for, and
the issue with money as a means to an end
-eg. some people may think that education is a primary good, and this could be qualified
as $30,000
-so we should give everyone that amount so they can get an education
-but it may cost more for some people (eg. if they’re deaf)
-everyone can’t always translate the same amount of money into the same primary
good
1. disability and 2. development
-his conclusion: we need a better way of defining well-being
what’s the measurement tool?
-traits of persons
-functionings: doings and beings achieved by people; infinite number
!-some of these things may be good or bad
!-eg. eating, not eating, starving, fasting, dieting, are all different functionings
conversion factors
-resource-->functioning
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Document Summary

Rst draft of assignment isn"t being marked, just getting feedback. Natural goods (eg. intelligence, strength, sense of humour, charming) Social goods (liberties, social basis of self-respect, income/wealth) Is a means to an end; we want money only for the things that we can buy. Primary goods are what every person has reason to want: another approach to justice, functionings and capabilities. Is an alternative to rawl"s as well as all other approaches. Rawls: s is just iff its basic social structure complies with p1 & p2 (difference principle) The basic social structure is the distribution of primary goods. Income is a good metric for the ends that are primary goods. Sen thinks that there is more diversity in the primary goods than rawl allows for, and the issue with money as a means to an end. Eg. some people may think that education is a primary good, and this could be quali ed as ,000.

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