Monday, November 28, 2011
* NOTE: Please fill our course evaluations!
Final Exam Format
- Please look up location!
- 3 Hours: Really a 2 hour exam, but we’re given extra time (4 parts)
(1) Definitions (Choose 5/10)
- Terms can be from the text or covered in class
- Same expectations for answers as on midterm
(2) Matched concepts (choose 5/10)
- What do they have in common? Why are they matched together?
- Why are they relevant?
- EG. Centralization and decentralization (Provinces vs. Federal government with
(3) Essay I (Choose 1/3)
- Topic will be based on information from Chapters 1, 2, 3, 6, or 7
(4) Essay II (Choose 1/3)
- Topic will be based on information from Chapters 8, 4, 5, 9, 10, or 11
- Studying strategies will be discussed on Wednesday
- Office Hours: Mostly the same as during the term (But if you really want to speak to Dr. Baier,
contact him beforehand!)
- Due Wednesday November 30
- Hand-in a hardcopy during class
- Submit electronic copy to turn-it-in (or your paper will not be graded)
- Will be returned at the Final exam along with participation grade from the TA
- 3 categories of participation
(3) Interest groups
- Other opportunities for participation not included in the above formal categories should also be
Review: Interest Groups
- Electoral and financial support calculation of parties
- Pluralism of country represented
- How representative are interest groups/’special interests’?
- Do these groups have too much influence?
- Are the groups oppressing common interest of the nation with self-interest?
- Interest group resources: government sponsored interest
- Resources, while required in order to participate/have influence on public opinion and
government policy, often are challenging for interest groups
- Historically, governments have been wiling to support interest groups otherwise unable
to fund their program and thus influence the government
- Government tries to devote resources to a plurality of voices being heard
- Organizational funding sometimes comes from government: hire staff, find
- Conservative government has been less willing to support interest groups
- EG. Provide the resources to take the government to court - Interest group behavior related to party support
- Interact with and support each other
- Interest groups work between elections particularly as lobbyists for certain policy
Other Interest Strategies
- Instead of using resources for lobbying efforts, some interest groups focus their resource on
- EG. LEAF (Women’s Legal Education and Action Fund), EAGLE
- Only strategy: Engaging in litigation (don’t try to lobby)
- Identity legal cases and intervene/support claims to challenge government
- Successfully championing cases in courts, providing resources for good legal
representation, and changing the law thus
- EG. Alliance Quebec: protecting minority language rights
- Court Challenges Program
- After passing of Charter: created an organization that provided small grants to interest
groups to challenge government policy
- Gives interest resources to fight for rights protected by the Charter
- Resource impact success in court tremendously
- Niche interests can’t get what they want through majoritarian system