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Lecture 18

PSYC 102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Pluralistic Ignorance, Prejudice, Extortion

3 Pages
94 Views
Winter 2017

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 102
Professor
Simon Lolliot
Lecture
18

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Psych 102 16 November 2017 Prejudice and discrimination
12.5
Is prejudice always explicit?
- Automatic, reflexive association between a group and a (set of) stereotype(s)
Implicit attitudes lead to
- Sexism
- Race
- Sexual prejudice
Today 12.6 Mechanisms of the bystander effect
- Diffusion of responsibility
- Pluralistic ignorance (there is an emergency, no one else is helping, maybe there is no
emergency)
- Evaluation apprehension
Darley and Latane (1968)
- They got participants to seat in a booth
o Discuss experience being at college in New York
o Via intercom
o One speaker faked a seizure
- Another experiment
o Participants in a room filled out a questionnaire
o Either Alone
o With 2 other passive confederates
o Or with 3 naïve participants
12.6 Decreasing Bystander effect
- Depending on the situation, if its emergency more people will help.
- Ways to decrease the bystander effect:
o Know about the bystander effect
o Give people directions (responsibility)
o Take a first aid course
12.6 Aggression
- Seek to cause harm/pain to another
Types of aggression
- Hostile aggression
o Intent to cause harm on someone else (main goal)
- Instrumental aggression
o Use aggression to achieve a goal (extortion, lunch money)
Repeated acts of aggression
- Bullying
- Males tend to be involved in Physical, direct bullying
- Females involve in Psychological, indirect (cyberbullying)

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Description
Psych 102 16 November 2017 Prejudice and discrimination 12.5 Is prejudice always explicit? - Automatic, reflexive association between a group and a (set of) stereotype(s) Implicit attitudes lead to - Sexism - Race - Sexual prejudice Today 12.6 Mechanisms of the bystander effect - Diffusion of responsibility - Pluralistic ignorance (there is an emergency, no one else is helping, maybe there is no emergency) - Evaluation apprehension Darley and Latane (1968) - They got participants to seat in a booth o Discuss experience being at college in New York o Via intercom o One speaker faked a seizure - Another experiment o Participants in a room filled out a questionnaire o Either Alone o With 2 other passive confederates o Or with 3 nave participants 12.6 Decreasing Bystander effect - Depending on the situation, if its emergency more people will help. - Ways to decrease the bystander effect: o Know about the bystander effect o Give people directions (responsibility) o Take a first aid course 12.6 Aggression - Seek to cause harm/pain to another Types of aggression - Hostile aggression o Intent to cause harm on someone else (main goal) - Instrumental aggression o Use aggression to achieve a goal (extortion, lunch money) Repeated acts of aggression - Bullying - Males tend to be involved in Physical, direct bullying - Females involve in Psychological, indirect (cyberbullying)
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