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Psychology 102 - November 5.docx

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PSYC 102
Tanya Salamander

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Psychology 102 Psychological Disorders November 5, 2013  • What is abnormal behaviour? • How are disorders diagnosed? • Examples of some clinical disorders Defining Abnormal Behaviour? • Statistical deviance?  o Can be deviant in positive ways (success in athletics, science, business etc.) • Cultural deviance? o Different cultures might have different ideas of what is considered  normal/abnormal  “Can there be a one­size fits­all definition of diagnosing clinical disorders  if there is so much variation between cultures?”  • Causes distress?  o Life events can cause distress  ▯major tragedy, death of a loved one, earthquake  etc. o Antisocial personalities/sadistic  ▯they are not distressed, but we are • Dysfunction? o Behaviour that is different from what is typical; considered culturally deviant;  either causes distress to the person suffering/causes dysfunction to maintain a  normal life  American Psychiatric Association: “behaviour that leads to distress,  disability or an increased risk of death, pain, or loss of freedom.” Popular Misconceptions • Psychopathology is bizarre (not always!) Psychiatric Hospital Study  • How hard is it to convince a psychiatrist that you are insane? • How is it to convince him/her that you are sane? • Rosenhan (1973)  o Went to psychiatric hospital complaining of ‘hearing voices’ o After admission, behaved normally  o Psychiatrist never declared them sane (but “in remission”)  Mean = 19 days in hospital  Normal behaviours seen as evidence of disorder  o Moral of the Study  Psychiatric labels can be stigmatizing  Clinical disorders can be difficult to detect  • Its bizarre (not very often)  • Its enduring (nope) • It has a single cause (Wrong, again) o Diathesis Stress Model  Manifestation of disorder is function of… • 1. Diathesis: inherited susceptibility • 2. Stress: environmental triggers of events   Classifying Psychological Disorders • Diagnosis done through DSM­ V o American Psychi
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