What is psychology?
The study of individual behavior in a social context
Study of the brain and its functions
The study of mental processes
No right and wrong, totally based on perspective
o Not true! Psychology is a science. Claims about behavior must be supported
Studies what we already know
Sometimes one can observe a psychological phenomenon in real life situations.
The study of how people interact with their environments
o Includes real and imagined others, contexts and culture.
Scientific study of how people think about influence and relate to each other.
Why do we use the tools of science to test the hypotheses of behavior?
Memory is biased. A study that shows this is the Ross and Sicoly. They went out and asked
married couples about the food preparations at home. Also groceries , causing arguments,
demonstrating affection, laundry…
Egocentric bias: easy to call to mind stuff I’ve done. Ex: I wasn’t there when he vacuumed.
What does this tell us about team work/collaborative project?
Might give yourself a higher evaluation.
Hard to be objective
Biased to remember and evaluates
Random assignment to conditions (control and experimental group) of the independent variable
to see effects on the dependent variable
Things to be concerned about:
o Correlation isn’t equal to causation.
o Is it positive of negative correlation (+1.00 to -1.00) Surveys:
Goal is to describing a population
Questionnaire designs :
o Open ended
o Closed ended
Low risk in terms of ethics
Reliability - repeatable
Validity – measures what we think we’re measuring
Cheap and easy