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psyc 314 coping.doc

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University of British Columbia
PSYC 314
Frances Chen

Psyc 314: coping Exam: next tuesday. lecture and text book: about 50/50 text and lecture things less related to stress arent as important. Know the things effected by stress which have been emphasized in class format: 30 M/C 5 short answer questions. MC more on text book. short answer more from lectures (mainly the experiments; know the results and conclusions) Guest lecture is part of what can be on the exam as well as this weeks lectures Coping with Stress Coping: • Thoughts & behaviors used to manage demands of a situation that is stressful • Transaction between person and environment • Affected by resources (e.g., social support) & Individual characteristics (e.g., personality) Thoughts and behaviours we use to deal with stressful situations An interaction b/n a person and their environment and what a person is seeing as a demand in their environment Affected by individual characteristics and resources. Coping strategies might differ depending on those two factors Types of Coping: Problem focused coping/ Primary: trying to remove the stressor, deal with the problem by removing or mitigating the problem. Making the problem go away. You are trying to change the environment Emotion focused coping/Secondary: Dealing with a problem, but you are trying to adapt your emotional reactions to the event.Adjusting your emotional reaction to the problem. You are trying to change your self Approach/attending coping: actively trying to face the stressor. You are focused on what the problem is and you are attending to it Avoidance/distracting coping: trying to do things to distract yourself from the problem and avoid it in order to reduce your stress Behavioural coping: physically taking action Cognitive coping: mentally thinking about the problem, figuring out what you are going to do, thinking about how you are going to stop the problem Is primary vs secondary control better: Weisz 1994: • Children with cancer interviewed about coping strategies for painful medical procedures • Outcomes - Procedural pain and anxiety (distress) - Behavioral problems pediatric cancer.All kids which have lucemia where their participants. They were interviewed about coping with spinal taps (a way to administer drugs and see if the cancer is spreading to the brain) and other painful medical procedures. Outcomes: how are they doing in terms of adjustment? Procedural pain and anxiety (during spinal tap) Behavioural problems They asked the kids what kind of strategies they used to cope Results: secondary coping strategies are better when you have no control over the situation Those who are primary copers show significantly more psychological distress/ procedural distress during the spinal tap and problems/ behaviour problems in life after the spinal tap Reasons for Coping:
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