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Social Stratification pt. 2

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University of British Columbia
SOCI 100
Debra Pentecost

Jan 16, 2013 Social Stratification How is power established/institutionalized in society? - Need to examine relations between unequal groups - Key concept: power - Who gets what and why? Institutionalized Power - Economic (control property/wealth) - Political (control human resources/activities of others) - Ideological (control ideas, beliefs, knowledge, information guiding social action) Theories of Stratification Karl Marx - Class, conflict and power of property - Each major societal form marked by struggle between “haves” and “have-nots” o I.e. Classic Greece, Feudalism, Capitalism o Source of division: productive property (ownership/non-ownership of property) - Economic class is ‘fundamental’ - Capitalist class = high power and status - Means of production: o Life essentials: housing, tools and land o Factories/machinery: transform raw materials to finished goods - Bourgeoisie: control means of production - Proletariat: property-less majority o Own labor power o Reliant on owners of property to be employed as wage laborers - Alienation: working under capitalism produces experiences of powerlessness in social life - Workers benefit little from massive wealth around them. They were doing labor but not
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