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SOCI 100 Lecture Notes - Readwrite, Social Integration, List Of Universities In Canada

Course Code
SOCI 100
Chris Mac Kenzie

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Week 6, Lecture 2
Oct. 15/09
The social institutions responsible for transmitting a societyʼs knowledge and culture
We created it for specific purpose - cultural transmission
Knowledge - technical. Writing, reading, math
Culture - broader. Internalized, part of collective conscience
Enlightenment - education needed
open, democratic society - education replaces/mitigates ascribed traits with
achieved ones
Historically, humans have created social strata - ranking. Based on ascribed
characteristics - age, gender, ethnicity, social class. No control
Education can help us move up socioeconomic ladder into diff. Class
Education gives you standing - say youʼve achieved
Public school system: provincial govt fund schools. Curriculum, assessment
standardized. Even across board?
Quality of education driven as much by nature of community as by curriculum.
Curriculum, money = standard, but economic prosperity of a community plays
a direct role in a schoolʼs success
voucher system - letʼs give money to parents, rather than school. Pick where your
kids want to go to school. Logically, would want to send to best school. Would
motivated schools on bottom to attract students.
Need better teachers, more resources. By getting community involved
But if deprived community, lack resources.
+ Functionalist Analysis of Schooling
Manifest Functions (something that we intend to do/recognize we do it):
Socialization: First institution after family that continue our moral/intellectual
development. Values we had in our family get carried into school. School reflects
mainstream society. Develop into better citizens
Technical training: teach them to read/write, etc. Digital age.
Cultural transmission: related to socialization. Abstract notions/beliefs
Challenges of schools - do you foster attitude of cooperation amongst students?
Diminish competitive aspect? But work world = competitive
Social integration: first place to engage in groups. Teacher not parents. Gone from
warm relationships to contractral/cool relationships. Learn how to integrate into
strange groups, authority structure, broader world (mainstream society)
Social placement: reproduction of social order.
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Latent Functions (something we never intended/haven’t recognized):
Childcare/babysitting - lately recognized thatʼs what theyʼre for - but never intended
Support systems - teachers, counselors, peer groups (teams, clubs)
Create generation gaps e.g. Digital age. Learn different things in diff. Generations.
Helps define our groups
+ Conflict Analysis
Female/male imbalance in Canadian universities VS workforce. Structural reasons
15 million Canadians will have low literacy skills by 2031
But how to evaluate literacy?
Newspapers written for 6th graders
- must look at education system
Why are we taught what weʼre taught?
Did what other people told me to do. Goes to idea of “what is being taught in
Educational sociologists: interested in technical aspects, and intangibles
Respect, authority structure (permanent, exists outside of person, schedules
(internalized) - helps us become productive members of society/good citizens,
sitting still (especially important for service labourers), gender roles,
cooperation/competition (winner/loser - on a graded scale),
Macionis #57: Schooling has been at once something done for the poor/to the poor.
Who are the poor?
Must educate people to be of service to community/society - being good citizens.
Part of being good citizen = becoming educated. Moral responsibility. Need an
educated population
Something done for the poor: free public education
Something done to the poor: pg 346: disarming the poor as in preventing
poverty. Idea that if you educate people - will socialize into society more (become
more accepting of it), lifestyle will improve. Gap between rich/poor diminish in
appearance a little. Prevent revolution. Do not want uprising. Irish, risk of foreigner.
Schooling seen as means of integrating uncouth, dangerous element into social
fabric of American life
The poor = immigrants - racial/ethnic minorities. Irish, German, Italian, Polish.
Every decade - different groups coming in. US society saw it as threat.
Assimilation. Make them American. Socialize US values - internalize. Disarm
Aspect of social control. Poor learning different things - educated to remain in
working class, keep social structure normal. As a society gets educated,
everybody moves up - not diminishing social differences. Simply elevating
society as a whole - making sure lower group stays where it is.
rake geniuses out of rubbish - makes dangerous assumptions about people.
Pg 350 - (holds true with research today) - “graduation from college has
become no less dependent on oneʼs social background than it was in the past.”
your success in school, marks - more to do with social background than
individual intelligence
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