Class Notes (977,739)
CA (576,072)
UNBSJ (190)
PSYC (64)
PSYC1003 (61)
Lecture 3

PSYC1003 Lecture 3: set-184306897-e1fe540f0fe204ce55f08e4e84890f57

8 Pages
88 Views
Fall 2016

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC1003
Professor
Dr.Harald Taukulis
Lecture
3

This preview shows pages 1-3. Sign up to view the full 8 pages of the document.
1. Achievement Motive: Need to master difficult challenges, to
out perform others, and to meet high standards of
excellence
2. Achievement tests: Gauge a persons' mastery and knowledge
of various subjects
3. Affective forecasting: Efforts to predict one's emotional
reaction to future events
4. Affiliating motive: Need to associate with other and maintain
social bonds
5. Alfred Binet: Invented the first practical IQ test. Used mental
age and measured reasoning skills
6. All 200 of these applicants are hired and put to work selling
computers, After six months, Professor Sam correlates the
new workers' aptitude test scores with the dollar value of
the computers that each sold during the first six months on
the job. This correlation turns out to by -0.21. This finding
suggests the test may lack_________: Criterion-related validity
7. Anecdotal evidence: Consists of personal stories about
specific incidents and experiences
8. Aptitude test: Asses specific types of mental abilities
9. Argument: Consists of one or more premises that are used to
provide support for a conclusion
10. Arthur Jensen: Intelligence is largely genetic in origin and
therefore genetic factors are strongly implicated as the
cause of ethnic differences in intelligence
11. Assumptions: Premises for which no proof or evidence is
offered
12. At the request of the HiTechnol and computer store chain,
Professor Sam develops a test to measure aptitude for
selling computers. Two hundred applicants for sales hobs at
HiTechnol and stores are asked to take the test on two
occasions, a few weeks apart. A correlation of +0.82 is
found between applicants's scores on the two
administrations of the test. Thus, the test appears to possess
reasonable_________: Test-retest reliability
13. At which step of the research process did researchers create
operational definitions for their variables?: Step 1: Formulate
a testable hypothesis
14. Back at the university, Professor Sam is teaching a course in
theories of personality. He decides to use the same midterm
exam that he gave last year even though the exam includes
questions about theorists that he did not cover or assign
reading on this year. There are reasons to doubt the
____________ of Professor Sams midterm exam: Content
Validity
15. Behavioural Component of Emotions: People can accurately
and quickly discern emotions from facial expressions
16. Between subjects design: Each participant is in only one
condition
17. Binet and Simon: Focused on assessing children and
identifying mentally subnormal ones
Used abstract reasoning skills
Used mental age to say if a child was average, advanced or
retarded
18. Biological correlates of intelligence: Research indicates that
both white and grey matter in the brain are important in
determining intelligence. New research also indicates that
gyrification is positively correlated with intelligence
19. Bisexual: Likes members of either sex
20. Body Mass Index BMI: An individual's weight (in kilograms)
divided by height (in meters) sqared
21. Brain and behavioural component: Neural correlates of
emotions measure brain activity. They found a baseline array
of brain areas active in neutral face processing (fusiform
gyrus) but additional areas active in response to non-neutral
emotions
22. Cannon-Bard: Stimulus>Subcortical brain activity > conscious
feeling+Autonomic arousal (simultaneously)
Thalamus sends info in two directions simultaneously to the
cortex and amygdala
23. Can sight and smell of food affect appetite: When you see
or smell food your insulin levels can rise
24. Case study: An in depth investigation of an individual subject
25. CCK: is secreted by the intestine and acts on the
hypothalamus to decrease hunger/food intake
26. Choice: Is often kept in check by their associated costs which
are also what makes them good indicators
27. Claude Steele: Feelings of stereotypes vulnerability can
undermine group members' performance on tests, as well as
other measures of academic achievement
28. Cognitive Component of Emotion: We evaluate our emotions
and try to predict them; affective forecasting
29. Commonsense theory of emotion: Stimulus>conscious
feeling>autonomic arousal
30. Compensatory responses: the body's attempt to regain
homeostasis in drug users
31. Competition: In most cases there is competition by males and
selection by females
Female choice is often based on appearance
32. Confounding variable: Occurs when two variables are linked
together in a way that makes it difficult to sort out their
specific effects
33. Construct validity: The extent to which there is evidence that
a test measures a particular hypothetical construct
34. Construct validity: Does the test measure a particular
hypothetical construct
35. Content Validity: Does the content represent the overall
domain being tested
36. Content validity: The degree to which the content of a test is
representative of the domain it's supposed to cover
37. Control Group: Consists of similar subjects who do not
receive the special treatment given to the experimental
group
Psychology 1004 Test 1
Study online at quizlet.com/_31qc41
60. Differences in emotions across countries: The recognition of
emotions is pretty consistent but not quite universal due to
differences in display norms
61. Display rules: Norms that regulate the appropriate expression
of emotion
62. Divergent thinking: One tries to expand the range of
alternatives by generating many possible solutions
63. Does being around people influence appetite?: Yes. The
amount consumed was highly correlated in females and
mixed pairs but not males
64. Does brain size determine intelligence?: Overall there is a
correlation of 0.33 between brain volume and intelligence
65. Does environmental factors affect IQ?: Some adoption
studies say yes because those who were adopted performed
better then their siblings who were not adopted
66. Does IQ predict career success?: Yes but the predictive
power is moderate at 0.37, similar to that of grades and
parents socioeconomic status
67. Do IQ tests have reliability?: If there is a high correlation
then yes
68. Do IQ tests have validity?: Depends on what you think IQ is
good for
IQ tests have good construct validity (test matches up to
other tests in terms of peoples answers)
There is criterion validity in regards to high IQ and academic
performance
Content validity- do IQ test test comprehensively?
69. Double-Blind Procedure: Research strategy in which neither
subjects nor experimenters know which subjects are in the
experimental or control groups
70. Drive: An internal state of tension that motivates an organism
to engage in activities that should reduce this tension
71. Ellen Winner: Moderately gifted children are very different
from profoundly gifted children as those who are profoundly
gifted are introverted and socially isolated
72. Emotional disorders: Research has shown that people with
emotional disorders like depression or PTSD have excessive
amygdala activity as regulated by the prefrontal cortex ->
Over reactivity
73. Emotional Intelligence: Consists of the ability to perceive and
express emotion, assimilate emotion in thought, understand
and reason with emotion, and regulate emotion
74. Emotions: Involves a subjective conscious experience (the
cognitive component) accompanied by bodily arousal (the
physiological component) and characteristic overt
expressions (the behavioural component)
75. Environment factors that influence hunger: Amount of food
in front of us: High correlation between the amount served
and the amount consumed
We seem to focus on units more so than total qualities
The more variety of food in front of us the more we consume
(think of a buffet vs porridge)
38. Control Group: Consists of similar subjects who receive some
special treatment in regard to the independent variable
39. Convergent thinking: One tries to narrow down a list of
alternatives to converge on a single correct answer. Inside
the box thinking
40. Conversion Therapy: Psychological technique (shocking/talk
therapy) to be trained to get rid of the homosexuality
tendencies
41. Correlation: Exists when two variables are related to each
other
42. Correlation: Is most often represented by the correlation
coefficient r that ranges from -1 to 1
43. Correlation Coefficient: A numerical index of the degree of
relationship between two variables
44. Correlation coefficient: A numerical index of the degree of
relationship between two variables
45. Creativity: Involves the generation of ideas that are original,
novel, and useful
46. Creativity: There's more to creative achievement than just
creativity. you need to work hard to produce the results
47. Creativity and mental illness: Writers artists and composers
have higher rates of depression or any other disorder than
the general populace
48. Criterion Related Validity: Do sources line up with an
independent measure of the trait
49. Criterion-related validity: Is estimated by correlating
subject's scores on a test with their scores on an independent
criterion (another measure) of the trait assessed by the test
50. Criticism of Trivers and colleagues: Females show this
evolutionary tendency because they have mostly been held
back in prospective careers and females are supposed to
hide sexuality
51. Crystallized: Applying acquired knowledge for problem
solving
52. Crystallized intelligence: Involves ability to apply acquired
knowledge and skills in problem solving
53. Cultural Bias in testing: IQ tests are very westernized
therefore are they really testing IQ of all people or just of
those who belong to a Western society
54. Cultural diferences in IQ: As time passes the gap between
cultures IQ scores gets smaller suggesting that environment
plays a role in the previously lower IQ scores of different
cultures
55. Data collection techniques: Procedures for making empirical
observations and measurements
56. David Wechsler: Made the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale
that used a scoring scheme based on normal distribution.
Test had separate scores for verbal IQ and performance
(nonverbal IQ) and full scale IQ
57. Dependent variable: The variable that is thought to be
affected by manipulation of the independent variable
58. Descriptive statistics: Used to organize and summarize data
59. Deviation IQ scores: Locate subjects precisely within the
normal distribution, using the standard deviation as the unit of
measurement
76. Evolutionary perspective on obesity: During much of our
evolutionary history, food was relatively scarce and
nutritionally simple so we evolved thrifty genes to survive
such times
Only recently have humans cone to live in a land of plenty
food however we still have thrifty genes plus we have moved
to a more sedentary lifestyle
77. Evolutionary psychology sex and mating: Females have
greater parental investment than males
Males look for females that will produce good children
(youth & attractiveness)
78. Evolutionary theories of motivation: Fear of snakes -> avoid
poison
79. Evolutionary Theorists view on EMotions: They believe that
the evolution of emotions preceded that of thought and
identify certain basic/fundamental emotions
EX disgust has an adaptive purpose to keep us away from
dangerous things
80. Excitement: Heart rate, BP etc rise above resting levels
tissues (clitoris in females) becomes erect
81. Experiment: A research method in which the investigator
manipulates a variable under carefully controlled conditions
and observes whether any changes occur in a second
variable as a result
82. Experimental group: Consists of subjects who receive some
special treatment in regard to the independent variable
83. Experimenter Bias: Occurs when a researcher's expectations
or preferences about the outcome of a study influence the
results obtained
84. Extraneous variables: Any variables other than the
independent variable that see, likely to influence the
dependent variable in a specific study
85. Facial expressions: Research suggests we actually make our
own facial expressions to help us process those of others any
may even take on those emotions. The group that could not
move their face in the study reported experiencing less
strong emotions in response to negative video clips. Other
studies suggest that certain facial arrangements induce
specific emotions
86. Factor analysis: Correlations among many variables are
analyzed to identify closely related clusters of variables
87. Females: Look for income, status, and ambition in partners
Maximize reproductive success by seeking partners willing to
invest material resources in offspring
Less interested in uncommitted sex, smaller number of sex
partners over lifetime,
88. Females ability to predict males' poential: Females can
predict a males testosterone and interest in infants based on
photos
89. Fluid Intelligence: Reasoning, working memory, information
processing
90. Fluid intelligence: Involves reasoning ability, memory
capacity, and speed of information processing
91. The Flynn Effect: IQ test results rise as you go through the
past 80 years most likely due to environmental factors. The
IQ scores are not changing what is changing is what you
need to score on a test to reach 100
92. Francis Galton: Believed intelligence is heredity and tested
sensations to determine IQ
93. Frequency distribution: An orderly arrangement of scores
indicating the frequency of each score or a group of scores
94. Frequency polygon: A line figure used to present data from a
frequency distribution
95. Galvanic Skin Response GSR: An increase in the electrical
conductivity of the skin that occurs when sweat glands
increase their activity
96. Genetics of hapiness: Two genetic variants of the serotonin
transporter. Various effects of these variants have been
observed. Researchers found an association between the
longer variant and happiness, though there has been trouble
replicating it
97. Genetics vs environment?: Genetics sets a range of IQ and
your environment will place you somewhere in that
predetermined range
98. Ghrelin: Is secreted by the empty stomach causing
contractions and acting in the brain to induce hunger
99. Glucose: A simple sugar that is an important source of energy
100. Guilford: 150 different unique components of intelligence
101. Hedonic adaptations: Occurs when the mental scale that
people use to judge pleasantness-unpleasantness of their
experiences shifts so that their neutral point (or baseline for
comparison) changes
102. Heritability of BMI: ~0.6-0.7
103. Heritability of sexuality: Range of 0.5-0.74
104. Heritability Ratio: An estimate of the proportion of trait
variability in a population that is determined by variations in
genetic inheritance
105. Heterosexual: Seek emotional-sexual relationships with
members of the other sex
106. Homeostasis: A state of physiological equilibrium or stability
107. Homosexual: Likes members of the same sex
108. Homosexual Female brain: Lesbian women brains respond
to pheromones resemble those of heterosexual men not
heterosexual women
109. Homosexual Male Brain: IN response to the male
pheromone androstenedione, male homosexual brain activity
resembles that of heterosexual females not heterosexual
males
110. Honest indicators: Ex would be deer antler size and sperm
quality being related
111. How are IQ scores normalized?: They are normalized, with a
given score always representing the same percentile
112. How is reliability measured?: Via test-retest reliabilty
113. How many countries is being gay illegal in ?: about 75
countries
114. How much of the population is homosexual: about 8 %
hard to determine due to prejudices

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
find more resources at oneclass.com Psychology 1004 Test 1 Study online at quizlet.com/_31qc41 1.Achievement Motive: Need to master difficult challenges, to 17Binet and Simon: Focused on assessing children and out perform others, and to meet high standards of identifying mentally subnormal ones excellence Used abstract reasoning skills Used mental age to say if a child was average, advanced or 2.Achievement tests: Gauge a persons' mastery and knowledge of various subjects retarded 3.Affective forecasting: Efforts to predict one's emotional 18Biological correlates of intelligence: Research indicates that reaction to future events both white and grey matter in the brain are important in 4.Affiliating motive: Need to associate with other and maintain determining intelligence. New research also indicates that gyrification is positively correlated with intelligence social bonds 5.Alfred Binet: Invented the first practical IQ test. Used mental 19Bisexual: Likes members of either sex 20.Body Mass Index BMI: An individual's weight (in kilograms) age and measured reasoning skills divided by height (in meters) sqared 6.All 200 of these applicants are hired and put to work selling computers, After six months, Professor Sam correlates the 21Brain and behavioural component: Neural correlates of emotions measure brain activity. They found a baseline array new workers' aptitude test scores with the dollar value of the computers that each sold during the first six months on of brain areas active in neutral face processing (fusiform the job. This correlation turns out to by -0.21. This finding gyrus) but additional areas active in response to non-neutral suggests the test may lack_________: Criterion-related validity emotions 22.Cannon-Bard: Stimulus>Subcortical brain activity > conscious 7.Anecdotal evidence: Consists of personal stories about specific incidents and experiences feeling+Autonomic arousal (simultaneously) Thalamus sends info in two directions simultaneously to the 8.Aptitude test: Asses specific types of mental abilities cortex and amygdala 9.Argument: Consists of one or more premises that are used to 23.Can sight and smell of food affect appetite: When you see provide support for a conclusion or smell food your insulin levels can rise 10.Arthur Jensen: Intelligence is largely genetic in origin and therefore genetic factors are strongly implicated as the 24.Case study: An in depth investigation of an individual subject 25.CCK: is secreted by the intestine and acts on the cause of ethnic differences in intelligence hypothalamus to decrease hunger/food intake 11Assumptions: Premises for which no proof or evidence is offered 26.Choice: Is often kept in check by their associated costs which are also what makes them good indicators 12At the request of the HiTechnol and computer store chain, Professor Sam develops a test to measure aptitude for 27.Claude Steele: Feelings of stereotypes vulnerability can undermine group members' performance on tests, as well as selling computers. Two hundred applicants for sales hobs at HiTechnol and stores are asked to take the test on two other measures of academic achievement occasions, a few weeks apart. A correlation of +0.82 is 28.Cognitive Component of Emotion: We evaluate our emotions found between applicants's scores on the two and try to predict them; affective forecasting administrations of the test. Thus, the test appears to possess 29.Commonsense theory of emotion: Stimulus>conscious reasonable_________: Test-retest reliability feeling>autonomic arousal 13.At which step of the research process did researchers create 30.Compensatory responses: the body's attempt to regain operational definitions for their variables?: Step 1: Formulate homeostasis in drug users a testable hypothesis 31Competition: In most cases there is competition by males and 14.Back at the university, Professor Sam is teaching a course in selection by females theories of personality. He decides to use the same midterm Female choice is often based on appearance exam that he gave last year even though the exam includes 32.Confounding variable: Occurs when two variables are linked questions about theorists that he did not cover or assign together in a way that makes it difficult to sort out their reading on this year. There are reasons to doubt the specific effects ____________ of Professor Sams midterm exam: Content Validity 33.Construct validity: The extent to which there is evidence that a test measures a particular hypothetical construct 15.Behavioural Component of Emotions: People can accurately and quickly discern emotions from facial expressions 34.Construct validity: Does the test measure a particular hypothetical construct 16.Between subjects design: Each participant is in only one 35.Content Validity: Does the content represent the overall condition domain being tested 36.Content validity: The degree to which the content of a test is representative of the domain it's supposed to cover 37.Control Group: Consists of similar subjects who do not receive the special treatment given to the experimental group find more resources at oneclass.com find more resources at oneclass.com 38.Control Group: Consists of similar subjects who receive some 60.Differences in emotions across countries: The recognition of special treatment in regard to the independent variable emotions is pretty consistent but not quite universal due to 39.Convergent thinking: One tries to narrow down a list of differences in display norms alternatives to converge on a single correct answer. Inside 61Display rules: Norms that regulate the appropriate expression the box thinking of emotion 40.Conversion Therapy: Psychological technique (shocking/talk 62.Divergent thinking: One tries to expand the range of therapy) to be trained to get rid of the homosexuality alternatives by generating many possible solutions tendencies 63.Does being around people influence appetite?: Yes. The 41.Correlation: Exists when two variables are related to each amount consumed was highly correlated in females and other mixed pairs but not males 42.Correlation: Is most often represented by the correlation 64.Does brain size determine intelligence?: Overall there is a coefficient r that ranges from -1 to 1 correlation of 0.33 between brain volume and intelligence 43.Correlation Coefficient: A numerical index of the degree of 65.Does environmental factors affect IQ?: Some adoption relationship between two variables studies say yes because those who were adopted performed 44.Correlation coefficient: A numerical index of the degree of better then their siblings who were not adopted relationship between two variables 66.Does IQ predict career success?: Yes but the predictive 45.Creativity: Involves the generation of ideas that are original, power is moderate at 0.37, similar to that of grades and parents socioeconomic status novel, and useful 46.Creativity: There's more to creative achievement than just 67.Do IQ tests have reliability?: If there is a high correlation creativity. you need to work hard to produce the results then yes 68.Do IQ tests have validity?: Depends on what you think IQ is 47.Creativity and mental illness: Writers artists and composers have higher rates of depression or any other disorder than good for IQ tests have good construct validity (test matches up to the general populace 48.Criterion Related Validity: Do sources line up with an other tests in terms of peoples answers) There is criterion validity in regards to high IQ and academic independent measure of the trait performance 49.Criterion-related validity: Is estimated by correlating Content validity- do IQ test test comprehensively? subject's scores on a test with their scores on an independent criterion (another measure) of the trait assessed by the test 69.Double-Blind Procedure: Research strategy in which neither subjects nor experimenters know which subjects are in the 50.Criticism of Trivers and colleagues: Females show this experimental or control groups evolutionary tendency because they have mostly been held 70.Drive: An internal state of tension that motivates an organism back in prospective careers and females are supposed to to engage in activities that should reduce this tension hide sexuality 51.Crystallized: Applying acquired knowledge for problem 71Ellen Winner: Moderately gifted children are very different from profoundly gifted children as those who are profoundly solving gifted are introverted and socially isolated 52.Crystallized intelligence: Involves ability to apply acquired 72.Emotional disorders: Research has shown that people with knowledge and skills in problem solving emotional disorders like depression or PTSD have excessive 53.Cultural Bias in testing: IQ tests are very westernized amygdala activity as regulated by the prefrontal cortex -> therefore are they really testing IQ of all people or just of Over reactivity those who belong to a Western society 73.Emotional Intelligence: Consists of the ability to perceive and 54.Cultural diferences in IQ: As time passes the gap between express emotion, assimilate emotion in thought, understand cultures IQ scores gets smaller suggesting that environment and reason with emotion, and regulate emotion plays a role in the previously lower IQ scores of different 74.Emotions: Involves a subjective conscious experience (the cultures cognitive component) accompanied by bodily arousal (the 55.Data collection techniques: Procedures for making empirical physiological component) and characteristic overt observations and measurements expressions (the behavioural component) 56.David Wechsler: Made the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale 75.Environment factors that influence hunger: Amount of food that used a scoring scheme based on normal distribution. in front of us: High correlation between the amount served Test had separate scores for verbal IQ and performance and the amount consumed (nonverbal IQ) and full scale IQ We seem to focus on units more so than total qualities 57.Dependent variable: The variable that is thought to be The more variety of food in front of us the more we consume affected by manipulation of the independent variable (think of a buffet vs porridge) 58.Descriptive statistics: Used to organize and summarize data 59.Deviation IQ scores: Locate subjects precisely within the normal distribution, using the standard deviation as the unit of measurement find more resources at oneclass.com find more resources at oneclass.com 76.Evolutionary perspective on obesity: During much of our 91The Flynn Effect: IQ test results rise as you go through the evolutionary history, food was relatively scarce and past 80 years most likely due to environmental factors. The nutritionally simple so we evolved thrifty genes to survive IQ scores are not changing what is changing is what you such times need to score on a test to reach 100 Only recently have humans cone to live in a land of plenty 92.Francis Galton: Believed intelligence is heredity and tested food however we still have thrifty genes plus we have moved sensations to determine IQ to a more sedentary lifestyle 93.Frequency distribution: An orderly arrangement of scores 77.Evolutionary psychology sex and mating: Females have indicating the frequency of each score or a group of scores greater parental investment than males 94.Frequency polygon: A line figure used to present data from a Males look for females that will produce good children frequency distribution (youth & attractiveness) 95.Galvanic Skin Response GSR: An increase in the electrical 78.Evolutionary theories of motivation: Fear of snakes -> avoid poison conductivity of the skin that occurs when sweat glands increase their activity 79.Evolutionary Theorists view on EMotions: They believe that 96.Genetics of hapiness: Two genetic variants of the serotonin the evolution of emotions preceded that of thought and transporter. Various effects of these variants have been identify certain basic/fundamental emotions observed. Researchers found an association between the EX disgust has an adaptive purpose to keep us away from longer variant and happiness, though there has been trouble dangerous things replicating it 80.Excitement: Heart rate, BP etc rise above resting levels tissues (clitoris in females) becomes erect 97.Genetics vs environment?: Genetics sets a range of IQ and your environment will place you somewhere in that 81.Experiment: A research method in which the investigator predetermined range manipulates a variable under carefully controlled conditions 98.Ghrelin: Is secreted by the empty stomach causing and observes whether any changes occur in a second contractions and acting in the brain to induce hunger variable as a result 82.Experimental group: Consists of subjects who receive some 99.Glucose: A simple sugar that is an important source of energy 100Guilford: 150 different unique components of intelligence special treatment in regard to the independent variable 101Hedonic adaptations: Occurs when the mental scale that 83.Experimenter Bias: Occurs when a researcher's expectations or preferences about the outcome of a study influence the people use to judge pleasantness-unpleasantness of their experiences shifts so that their neutral point (or baseline for results obtained 84.Extraneous variables: Any variables other than the comparison) changes 102Heritability of BMI: ~0.6-0.7 independent variable that see, likely to influence the dependent variable in a specific study 103Heritability of sexuality: Range of 0.5-0.74 85.Facial expressions: Research suggests we actually make our 104Heritability Ratio: An estimate of the proportion of trait own facial expressions to help us process those of others any variability in a population that is determined by variations in may even take on those emotions. The group that could not genetic inheritance move their face in the study reported experiencing less 105Heterosexual: Seek emotional-sexual relationships with strong emotions in response to negative video clips. Other members of the other sex studies suggest that certain facial arrangements induce 106Homeostasis: A state of physiological equilibrium or stability specific emotions 107Homosexual: Likes members of the same sex 86.Factor analysis: Correlations among many variables are analyzed to identify closely related clusters of variables 108Homosexual Female brain: Lesbian women brains respond to pheromones resemble those of heterosexual men not 87.Females: Look for income, status, and ambition in partners Maximize reproductive success by seeking partners willing to heterosexual women 109Homosexual Male Brain: IN response to the male invest material resources in offspring Less interested in uncommitted sex, smaller number of sex pheromone androstenedione, male homosexual brain activity resembles that of heterosexual females not heterosexual partners over lifetime, 88.Females ability to predict males' poential: Females can males predict a males testosterone and interest in infants based on 110Honest indicators: Ex would be deer antler size and sperm photos quality being related 89.Fluid Intelligence: Reasoning, working memory, information 11How are IQ scores normalized?: They are normalized, with a given score always representing the same percentile processing 90.Fluid intelligence: Involves reasoning ability, memory 112How is reliability measured?: Via test-retest reliabilty capacity, and speed of information processing 113How many countries is being gay illegal in ?: about 75 countries 114How much of the population is homosexual: about 8 % hard to determine due to prejudices find more resources at oneclass.com find more resources at oneclass.com 115Hunger: Early lesioning studies pinpointed the ventromedial 135.Kinsey's Continuum of Sexual Orientation: Sexuality is not nucleus of the hypothalamus and the lateral hypothalamus, black or white but a spectrum subsequent research suggests that the arcuate nucleus and 136.Leptin: Is a hormone produced by white adipose tissue (fat) the paraventricular nucleus may be equally or more Decreases appetite important 137.Lewis Terman: Made the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale. 116Hypothalamus: Is important in sexual behaviour Schools started to adopt IQ tests for students 117Hypothesis: A tentative statement about the relationships 138.Males: Reproduction involves minimal investment of time, between two or more variables energy and risk 118Importance of the Flynn Effect: Can be used in court to Maximize reproductive success by seeking more sexual show that someone who was deemed competent back in the partners with high reproductive potential past for their criminal actions could now be deemed mentally More interest in uncommitted sex, greater number of sex disabled partners over lifetime 119Incentive: An external goal that has the capacity to motivate 139.Mean: The arithmetic average if the scores in a distribution behaviour 140.Median: the score that falls exactly in the centre of a 120.Incentive theories: Expectancy-value models factor in the distribution of scores odds of achieving the goal 141Mental age: Indicated that he or she displayed the mental Push vs Pull theory ability typical of a child of that chronological (actual) age 121Independent variable: A condition or event that an 142.Meta-analysis: Combination of the statistical results of many experimenter varies in order to see its impact on another studies of the same question, yielding an estimate of the size variable and consistency of a variable's effects 122.Inferential statistics: Used to interpret data and draw 143.Mild Intellectual Disability: IQ: 55-70 conclusions Typically grade six level by late teens, special education 123.Insulin: is produced by the pancreas and is also sensitive to helpful, some graduate high school. the body's fat stores Can be self supporting in nearly normal fashion if Decreases appetitie environment is stable and supportive, may need help with 124.Intellectual disability: Subnormal general mental ability stress accompanied by deficiencies in adaptive skills, originating 144.Mode: The most frequent score in a distribution before age 18. 145.Moderate Intellectual DIsability: IQ: 40-55 125.Intellectual disability: Subnormal general mental ability IQ Grade 2/4 by late teens; special education necessary lower then 70, with deficiencies in adaptive skills before the Can be semi-independent in sheltered environment; needs age of 18 help with even mild stress 126.Intellectual disability and socioeconomics: Link between 146.Motivation: Involves goal directed behaviour mild ID and parents socioeconomic status. Factors affecting 147.Multiple orgasms: Can happen in females but care not this would be : happen in males Nutrition 148.Naturalistic observation: A researchers engages in careful Parenting quality observation of behaviour without intervening directly with the Schooling research subjects or participants Infection 127.Intelligence Quotient IQ: A child's mental age divided by 149.Negative Correlation: As A increases B decreases Gets closer to -1 chronological age, multiplied by 100 150.Negatively skewed distribution: Most scores pile up at the 128.Intelligence test: Measures general mental ability high end of the scale 129.Interest in sex as you age: In females as they get older their 151Normal distribution: A symmetrical, bell-shaped curve that interest in sex drops off significantly
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

You've reached the limit of 4 previews this month

Create an account for unlimited previews.

Already have an account?

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit